CORRECTION ISSUES AND GOALS
Correction may take many forms depending on the cultures and policies of a certain community or country. There have been various issues that have arisen as a result of the many means of correction. An example is imprisonment that has attracted a lot of both negative and positive attention from different groups and people in the society.
Some suggest that it is not enough for one to undergo years of being put in jail, and those that have one through this system require more than time away from friends and family and need to be made to understand the implications of whatever offence they may have committed. All goes wrong especially after the offenders have completed their jail term and are released to the community.
The five traditional goals of punishment are: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, restoration and incapacitation. Each of these punishments reflects features of criminal punishment.
In the retribution goal, the punishment is imposed by a sentencing judge. It is intentionally given as a means of getting back at the offender and giving some form o f closure to the victim.
Deterrence is used as a tool to prevent others from committing similar crimes. The judge imposes a sentence and makes it clear for others to see that if they do the crime, they will also have to do the time.
The rehabilitation’s goal is to reform the criminal offender. The punishment is imposed by a judge who believes this person can be rehabilitated. The offender is put through a program that has a positive impact on the person’s life.
Restoration makes the offender and the victim whole again and punishment may involve payment of fines, restitution and community service.
Finally, incapacitation prevents the offender from committing future offenses. Jail or prison definitely provides an unpleasant consequence.