Benefits of eating healthy foods essay

Importance of fruits and vegetables in our diet

Vitamins and minerals have a major utility in the body for disease prevention and maintenance of good health. Vitamins are important in the body for preventing minor ailments such as coughs and flu, and for boosting the immune system.

The list of vitamins consists of food acids including vitamins A, B, C, D and K as well as minerals such as calcium, magnesium, iron iodine. Vitamin D is important for assisting in the absorption of calcium nutrients in the body and for preventing the occurrence of rickets, a disease of the bones.

The group of B vitamins is the most important for supporting brain related body functions. They consequently have profound effect on the psychological conditions of an individual and are important for mood regulation and preventing anxiety, depression and memory loss. Food nutrient minerals including copper, chromium, selenium and zinc are referred to as trace minerals owing to their requirement by the body in very small amounts.

Importance of foods that contain protein in our diet

It is recommended that people obtain about 10-35 percent of their daily calorie requirement from protein, with the rest coming from carbohydrates and fats, with the average adult woman requiring an average of 46 grams of protein daily, 10 grams less than men do.

Excessive protein intake can easily result from overconsumption of animal-based foods, which are referred to as complete proteins as they contain all essential amino acids needed by the body. A diet containing over 35 percent of the daily calorie requirement is risky in that a protein-rich diet.

A restricted amount of carbohydrates can cause a toxic accumulation of ketones, substances made when the body metabolizes its stored fat to compensate for energy-deficient diets. This can cause dehydration, headache and fatigue, dizziness and heart palpitations.