Bullying is violence, physical or emotional caused by a person or group and is directed to a weaker party who has no way to defend himself/herself or even themselves. Bullying takes various forms and is done with an aim to threaten, harm or scare the victim.
Bullying not only occurs among students in academic institutions but also among the professors or teachers themselves. Bullies are those who feel a need to be superior not only in ranks in the offices or schools but also socially. Bullies all over are highly feared making the victims often uncomfortable which in all possible ways could lead to issues of low self-esteem and depression.
In some cases children have taken to home schooling to avoid being bullied in schools. The victims also choose not to report these cases to the administration either for lack of evidence or fear that they will be harmed as a result.
Bullying in the workplace is witnessed when the bully gets a colleague to do work for him/her or other unnecessary activities such as to fetch the person’s lunch which is definitely not in one’s job description.
Teasing and name calling which cause embarrassment are also forms of bullying. The bully’s aim is to cause the victim to retract choosing not to offer any form of revenge. Perpetrators of this act may be of a certain rank in the institution or position therefore taking advantage of those below him.
Experts have reported that those who bully may actually suffer from insecurities or may also be victims of bullying elsewhere. They may also suffer from esteem issues and therefore picking on others makes them feel ‘in control’ or better about themselves.
It is quite evident that there is no positive effect of bullying. Policies should be implemented to ensure perpetrators are brought to book and the act fully stopped.
CELL PHONE BAN WHILE DRIVING
Cell phone use while driving is categorized as a distraction. Research has shown that cell phone use whether talking or texting is the major cause of accidents. Though mobile use while driving is common, it is widely considered dangerous.
This has made many jurisdictions to make the use of cell phones while driving illegal. Others have enacted laws against hand held mobile phones but allow use of a hands free device. In other cases restrictions are directed only to minors or those who are newly qualified license holders.
A research was done to show the risk of cell phone use while driving through a questionnaire by SAAQ (Societe de l’ assurance automobile du Quebec) in 2003. 36,078 drivers responded.
The questionnaire asked about driving habits, risk exposure, collisions over the past 24 months, socio-demographic information, and cell phone use. The questionnaires were supported with data from cell phone companies and accident records held by police.
The study showed that the overall Relative Risk (RR) of having an accident for cell phone users when compared to non-cell phone users averaged 1.38 across all groups. When adjusted for kilometers driven per year and other crash risk exposures, RR was 1.11 for men and 1.21 for women. They also found out that increased cell phone use correlated with an increase in RR.
All state-level cell phone use laws in the U.S. are of primary enforcement type meaning an officer may cite a driver for using a hand-held cell phone without any other traffic offence having taken place – except in some cases involving newer, or novice drivers.
In case of secondary enforcement, a police officer may only stop or cite a driver for cell phone use if the driver has committed another primary violation at the same time.
The annual cost of distracted driving is U.S. $43 billion in damages. All this for an avoidable risk.
Pet ban in United Arab Emirates
Dog owners in the United Arab Emirates are facing difficulties in accepting the pet ban as well as restrictions based on pet ownership. Pet owners especially those living in apartments are not allowed to keep pets but in some cases, there is no mention of this in the tenancy contract.
Before moving into a property, potential tenants must get written permission from the landlord and building manager that pets can be kept in the house.
Sign boards saying “no pets allowed” can be seen at regular intervals along the walk and many other areas in Dubai. Dog owners in Jumeirah Beach Residence and other new developments are crying foul over a ban that prevents from keeping pets at home or walking them in the neighborhood.
An example is in Diamond Tower where 128 tenants were required to remove pets or face eviction. Pet owners decide to leave buildings due to building managers giving short notice to evict pets.
Those affected argue that the import of dogs should not be allowed to be imported into the country if they are not allowed to keep pets. The ban is considered harsh and unreasonable. The municipality should take into consideration proposals for hefty fines in place owners who don’t pick up after their dogs.
Sheikh Rashid bin Humaid Al Nuaimi, chairman of the Ajman Municipality and Planning Directorate said the new rules were aimed at maintaining health and safety of the community from diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans.
This in itself is not reason enough since there are routine vaccinations to prevent dogs from getting diseases. Strict inspection is done to make sure that pet owners abide by the rules.
Pets are a part of family. They are like that child treasured by their parents. They offer wonderful company and friendship. Maybe it is time the government considered lifting the pet ban.