Education system in the world is now speculating advancement with the use of tablets to replace classroom textbooks. Teachers, students and general body of educators are having high anxiety about the integration of tablets in enhancing education.

However much some instructors can be technophobic, every individual needs to experience tables replacing textbooks in teaching learning scenario. Nevertheless, when people meditate whether should tablets replace textbooks in classroom, what are some benefits of using the tablets?

Should tablets replace textbooks in classroom, then the system of education is going to be appealing. This is because the tablets are very portable gadgets and they can be classified powerful than textbooks. Unlike the textbooks, they can be connected to the network as well as remain colorful and attractive to the users.

Should tablets replace textbooks in classroom? Is a concern that many scholars and educators have wanted to unfold clearly. But the answer is simple; using tablets in classroom is advancing the process of content delivery and can apply best if integrated. Moreover, tablets have cameras that can take pictures and videos. They are very crucial as they make it easy for students to use models that having 3 dimensions.

Should tablets replace textbooks in classroom? Means that, tablets are cheapest compared to computers. The educators and students are able to carry the tablets with all the notes of all subjects easily compared to bulky textbooks.

Finally, the learning would prefer replace of tablets to books rather than computers because students are not able to hide behind them.

UK fashion facts from traditional clothing to the latest trends


Fashion and history are entwined in British culture. London is one of the major fashion capitals of the world with streets packed with shops. It is famous for starting trends and bringing some of the world’s best designers into the limelight.

The British Royal family has been a constant source of fashion inspiration, from women wearing corsets to try to copy the slim silhouette of Elizabeth I to modern women taking inspiration from Kate Middleton’s simple, elegant outfits.

Trends set by the royals become the norm. Queen Victoria helped popularize the practice of wearing black when in mourning and the tradition is still widespread because of this.

The outbreak of World War II influenced clothing, as it was now acceptable for women to wear trousers due to rationing of fabrics, and as they took on more masculine jobs. After the war, women in the 50s began to enjoy more stylish clothing as the country gained prosperity.

The 60s fashion influenced the whole world. Mary Quant’s invention of the mini skirt in particular became an inspiration. Home designs were also influenced in this era.

The 70s saw the rise of punk and British designers e.g. Vivienne Westwood. The 80s were an era of decadence where hair was big and shoulder pads bigger. It included lots of bright colors.

Today, London Fashion Week is held twice a year in February and September. It is crammed with shows from some of the biggest fashion houses. The Graduate Fashion Week showcases work of over 1000 fashion graduates and offers chance to be scouted by big labels.

London has proved to have talent and determination to be part and parcel of the next fashion trend.

Interesting facts about Canada culture


Canadian culture embodies the artistic, culinary, literary, humor, musical, political and social elements that are a representation of Canada and Canadians.

This culture has been of influence to the European culture and traditions, especially British and French as well as its own indigenous cultures. The culture of immigrants has also been incorporated into the mainstream Canadian culture.

Canada has evolved to be religiously and linguistically diverse, encompassing a wide range of dialects, beliefs and customs. Today Canada has a diverse make-up of ethnicities, nationalities and constitutional protection for policies that promote multi-culturalism rather than cultural assimilation or a single national myth. Canada is in theory a cultural mosaic – collection of several regional, aboriginal, and ethnic subcultures.

Journalist and Professor Andrew Cohen wrote in 2007 about the Canadian identity: “The Canadian identity as it has come to be known is as elusive as the Sasquatch and Ogopogo.

It has animated and frustrated generations of statesmen, historians, writers, artists, philosophers and the National Film Board…. Canada resists easy definition.” (Andrew Cohen, The Unfinished Canadian: The People We Are).

While Canada tries to maintain its cultural differences, it also must balance this with responsibility in trade arrangements such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

The beaver is one of Canada’s national symbols and is depicted on the Canadian five-cent piece. Official symbols also include; the maple leaf and the Canadian horse.

Other prominent symbols include the Canada goose, loon and more recently the totem pole and Inuksuk. The government supports all forms of art: visual, literature, theater, television, film, music and sports.

The Just for Laughs Festival in Montreal is an example of the above as it portrays the real picture of though typical Canadian household as well as political and cultural absurdity.

History of the internet short essay

History of the internet summary

The development of electronic computers is the start of internet growth in the 1950s. Networks such as ARPANET were developed in the late 60s and early 70s using a variety of communications protocols. Commercial Internet service providers began to emerge in the late 80s.

Since the mid 1990s, the internet has had an impact on culture and commerce. There was the rise of close to instant communication by electronic mail, instant messaging and the World Wide Web with its discussion forums, blogs, social networking and online shopping sites.

Today, the internet continues to grow, driven by ever greater amounts of online information, commerce, entertainment and social networking. The amount of information shared on social networking sites is by far greater than any that has been shared orally over past decades. People no longer communicate orally rather prefer the new means and revenues brought about by technology.

Early computers used the technology available at the time to allow communication between the central processing unit and remote terminals.  With advance in technology, new systems were discovered to allow communications over longer distances with higher speed.

A lot of technicality surrounds the evolution of the internet over time but eventually, different people have the opportunity of enjoying high speed internet.

The first live Internet link into low earth orbit was established on January 22, 2010 when astronaut T. J. Creamer posted the first unassisted update to his Twitter account from the International Space Station marking the extension of internet into space.

The internet operates without a central governing body. The internet system has however had an “Internet Assigned Numbers Authority” (IANA) for the allocation and assignment of various technical identifiers needed for operation of the internet.

In this ‘global village’ nothing is unachievable thanks to the internet.

Football hooliganism articles


Football hooliganism is experiences when football rival fans resort into violence over disagreements that result from decisions made by referees, historical superiority complexities cum antagonisms, violence in revenge to insults abusive cheering, when opponent player plays rough on their player among other reasons.

Additionally, football hooliganism happens when fans throw objects into the pitch aimed at harming the referee over his decisions. Fans in the same manner throw objects like bottles, stones, bananas, abusive language words to opponent players with the aim of irritating them or showing racial discrimination, and disrespect.

Hooliganism is as old as the emergence of football in Europe. But up to today, it has never ended irrespective is the increased civic education to society. This is because of the historical antagonisms that still lie unsolved. Fans resort to physical confrontation as their team loses in the field. These football fans are herd saying, “If you have managed to beat us in the field, you can’t beat us physically”.

Football Hooliganism exists in society currently. This is witnessed because some fans that go to watch matches in the field when drunk. They are unable to make sound decisions when they are frustrated by the match results. Hence, they resort to confrontations.

Football hooliganism also has not been prevented from society because of the deficiency in stewards deployed at the pitch during a football. This gives room for fan confrontations.

In conclusion, football hooliganism still exists in society. Measures should be put in place to provide education and other confrontations in football.

Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence article review

Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence

Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence is an approach that views intelligence in a  multifaceted manner  as opposed to the traditional perspective that looked at it in one way.

This theory proposes that intelligence manifests itself as the abilities to perform different cultural activities such as musical performances, charisma and eloquence in political campaigns as well as ability to athletic performances.

Intelligence has been described as the ability to answer questions correctly and performing very well academically or achieving high marks and grades().  This according to Gardner is very limiting as it only focuses on only one line of intelligence; that which is only measured by the use of IQ tests.

Gardner further says that intelligence was once believed to be inherited and was looked at singularly with no regard to other areas of human accomplishments. According to him there exists many intelligences all of which have their strengths and weaknesses. Most educational institutions still hold on to the traditional ways of ascertaining intellectual capacity when letting students go through different levels of education such as high school, graduate and post graduate levels.

He further demonstrates that at birth children can change and acquire new skills or perform be

In the heyday of the psychometric and behaviorist eras, it was generally believed that intelligence was a single entity that was inherited; and that human beings – initially a blank slate – could be trained to learn anything, provided that it was presented in an appropriate way.

Nowadays an increasing number of researchers believe precisely the opposite; that there exists a multitude of intelligences, quite independent of each other; that each intelligence has its own strengths and constraints; that the mind is far from unencumbered at birth; and that it is unexpectedly difficult to teach things that go against early ‘naive’ theories of that challenge the natural lines of force within an intelligence and its matching domains. (Gardner 1993: xxiii)

Teen Pregnancy and the main causes of Teenage pregnancies 

Teen Pregnancy and the main causes of Teenage pregnancies


Teen pregnancy is human pregnancy in females who are below 20 years of age when the pregnancy ends. The pregnancies begin when the female is 19 and end when she is 20 are not counted in the teen pregnancy circle. Pregnancies can occur as early as age 12 for well-nourished girls because of the on-set of puberty and beginning of menstruation. Having a child can be challenging at any age but even more so for teens. Most Teenage pregnancies are unplanned and have negative impacts on the society, the teen and, when the pregnancy is carried to term, their children. Teenage pregnancies can lead to the teen: not completing  school, dying when giving birth, to rely on public assistance, to become a poor adult and their children may have poor education and below average living conditions as compared to children who are born to adult  is estimated that 3 of 10 teens will get pregnant before they finish highschool. In this essay we focus on the negative effects teen pregnancies have on the teen, the society and the child, the reasons that make most teens to fall into early unplanned pregnancies and how to prevent these teen pregnancies.

In 2012, 305, 388 children were born to females aged 15- 19 years, a live birth rate of 29. 4 per 1, 000 women in this age group.  In 2013, 275, 000 children were born to women in the same age group in the U.S a ten percent drop in the number of pregnancies from 2012. However this number is still very high. Older teens of ages between 18- 19 years have higher pregnancy o  than of 96.2 as compared to 30.1  of younger teens 15- 17 years and 1.1 of teens below 15 years. As of 2010, 26% of adolescent unwanted pregnancies end in abortion.

White teens have lower pregnancy rate (of 37.8 per 1000 as of 2010) than Hispanics (83.5per 1000) and blacks who have the highest (99.5 per 1000). From 2012-2013 data the birth rate had decreased 6% for the whites, 7% for the Hispanics and 5% for the blacks (center for disease control and prevention, 2014).  The birth rate is higher in the rural areas and suburbs more than in the towns. 50% of girls who get pregnant and decide to take the pregnancy to term do not complete their highschool education and only 2% get a college degree by age 30,  and about 25% get pregnant a second time before 24 months of their first pregnancy.

Causes of teenage pregnancy

The effects of teenage pregnancy especially on disadvantaged teens are undeniable. The major causes of these teenage pregnancies include:

  1. Teen alcohol and drug abuse

Alcohol has been shown to increase sexual activity no matter what age group is involved. The primary causes of drug and alcohol abuse among teens has been stressful events in life, lack of parental guidance and peer pressure.

Stressful events include parents divorce, death or drug abusing parents, failure in school or poverty. Separation and divorce causes anger, anxiety, frustration, depression, guilt and fear. Poor households may feel the need to force their children to work just to make both end meet especially in single parent households.  As a result these teenagers end up in illegal behavior like drug abuse (kassandra, 2009).

Peer influence for the teenage friendships may be either negative or positive. The trouble starts brewing when the adolescent gets into bad company. Teenagers may feel the need to engage in high-risk behavior and drug abuse to be accepted and to be seen as “cool” by their peers. This need to belong may lead them into drugs and alcohol abuse (kassandra, 2009).

Parents who engage in alcohol and substance abuse may encourage their children to do the same thing seeing as most parents are their children’s role models and heroes. Some parents also neglect the need for affection love and company in their children leading their children into alcohol and unprotected sexual adventures (kassandra, 2009). 91% of pregnancies between teens aged 15-19 happened when they were drunk and were not planning to have sex at all.

  1. Sexual abuse, rape and early marriages

Around 62% of teenagers gave admitted that they were impregnated by adult males above the age of 27. Some teens are sexually molested in a drugged or drunken stupor. In Africa and Asia mostly children as young as 9 years old are married off  rich tycoons due to poverty in the family or just customs that require girls to be married at an early age such that at age 20 girls already have 3- 5 children (Assad, 2013).

  1. Lack of proper sex education

Many teenagers have engaged in sexual activity due to lack of proper sex education about abstinence and use of contraceptives. Teens get incorrect information about the glamour and pleasure of sex from music videos, movies, pornography, sitcoms and friends. No one teaches them about pregnancy as a consequence of early unprotected sexual activity. According to stay teen up to 50% of teens did not consider the consequences of sex (V.T, 2014).

  1. Glamorization of pregnancy by the media

The media has played a huge role in teenage pregnancies because of how it glamourizes pregnancy in movies and even the news. The media makes pregnancy seem like a must have among women, which encourages teens to engaged in reckless sexual behavior. At teenage years girls are more focused about how the look and how their peers view them so if they feel pregnancy is more idolized by their peers they will go ahead and get pregnant. Nothing in the media tells them about the requirements and the huge burden a child is or could be in their life.

  1. Parent absenteeism

At the adolescent years teens need to feel the parental love and care. If the parents are too absent, too busy or not at all friendly they end up going out looking for the love the could not find at home. Most especially for girls who have not received their father’s love, they go out looking for any man that can love them leading to sex and pregnancy.

Effects of early pregnancy

  1. To the Mother

Teenage years are very important years for timely educational attainment. This attainment has become more crucial as the earning for the uneducated and unskilled has declined considerably. A young mother will have less time and energy to socialize, develop as an individual and develop healthy interpersonal relationships than their childless counter parts. These relationships are important for the future socio-economic well- being of the future life. It is difficult to dispute the fact that many teen mothers have limited options and opportunities. Due to the lack of proper education they become less legible for the labor market hence end up living a hand- to- mouth kind of life (Saul et al., 2008). However, teen mothers by age 35 have paid more in taxes and earned more in income and are now freed from their parenthood responsibilities and can now earn more and get employment based on experience as opposed to their age mates who waited and are now stuck with parental responsibilities and paying more taxes than they had earned in welfare (mike 2008).

According to the national campaign to fight teen pregnancy, one in four teenagers will get a second pregnancy in the next two years. These girls do not have the emotional and intellectual maturity to take care of another life so they end up hiding these pregnancies for months leading to lack of adequate pre natal care; dangerous for babies.

  1. To the child

The children of teen mothers are likely to be born with low birth weight predisposing them to life- long conditions. These children are also at the risk of language, socio- emotional and intellectual delays and developmental problems. Studies show these teenage mothers may not be able to provide for the emotional needs of their children like smiling touching ad hugging, most are most likely to show anger and hatred towards the child. Children born of a teen mom are more likely fail of Quit school and be mal- nutritioned due to poverty and lack of proper care. Girls are more likely to become teen mothers too and boys are more than likely to spend time in prison.

  1. To the father

The life- long earnings of the young father are likely to be less because he ends up providing for his child with the salary or wages of his youth. And later on when he has completed his and has a career he still  has id provide for his child and any other he may have since most me do not marry the mother of their children from teenage hood (Saul et al., 2008).

  1. To the family

Study shows that siblings of young parents are less likely to put effort in studies and are more inclined to accept human sexuality, early employment and parenting and may end up having children themselves (Saul et al., 2008). The burden of raising the children when the mother goes back to school is laid upon the parents who should be resting after they have raised their own children.

How to prevent teenage pregnancies

  1. Encourage teen moms to continue their education to prevent second pregnancies.
  2. Encourage proper sex education about the consequences of unprotected sex: HIV/AIDS and other STIs as well as pregnancies.
  3. Discourage the myth that pregnancy is glamorous at all ages.
  4. Teach that abstinence is safest and is cool.
  5. Working with diverse communities to encourage them to allow girls to go to school and rich 20 years before they get married.
  6. Use evidence based teachings to teach students from the examples of teens that have had children while still in school.
  7. Encourage and teach about contraceptives for those teens that can’t wait to use to prevent pregnancies and diseases.

Food safety system in Saudi Arabia restaurants

Food safety system in Saudi Arabia restaurants

Food safety is paramount while preparing food for human consumption purposes. With an increase in food related illnesses and diseases, there are various measures put in place to help guarantee food safety at all stages starting from collection, processing, packaging, distribution until consumption.

Food safety system in Saudi Arabia is aimed at increasing the basic awareness and knowledge of food safety among the workers of the Saudi Arabia restaurant. The main objective is tom give the restaurant workers adequate training at all levels of food establishment.

The food safety system entails enlightening the restaurant management on the Importance of quality control department. Actually, before food is distributed to the customers it is the work of the quality control department .They test all the set standards and ensure they are met. All the seven basic components of quality control are included in the safety program.

Food technology is widely applied in all the Saudi Arabia restaurants. Although, it is advancement in technology, the implementation of this technology is compromising food safety. Study done has shown there is a rise in technology related diseases. Therefore, to reduce the occurrences, food safety program is acting upon proper training.