HIP HOP CULTURE
Hip hop is a form of popular music that is comprised of emceeing and deejaying. It also consists of forms of art such as graffiti and dancing through breakdancing. It originated in the Bronx by a Jamaican DJ named Kool Herc. He started from rapping in house parties where he progressed to being a disk jockey whose name has spread all over the world.
In some states, he is celebrated by playing some of his music meaning that he is indeed the founder of this genre of music. Hip hop represents a multi-billion dollar industry that influences everything from automotive designs to mass media marketing.
Hip hop started among the black community but later spread to all other communities in the U.S. over the years. It is however still considered a genre that encourages unacceptable behavior among the youth since most artists rap about theft, sex as well as drugs. The Christian community in particular is not a fan of this genre. This is not to say that there are no artists with positive messages.
Kids name rappers such as Nicki Minaj who is the most famous among hip hop lovers as the only outstanding female, Drake and Tupac among other few artists. An overwhelming majority however says that they listen to “gangsta rap” to pump them up. Get high or commit a crime. It has a certain negative impact on them, they say.
99% of kids get their music for free, online instead of through the purchase of cds. This may act out as negative to those artists who are not well known or advertised over social media leafing to only the prospering of already popular artists.
In this day and age of the freedom of expression, artists should watch out to avoid spreading the wrong message to their listeners as well as fans in the name of seeking fame.
POLICE CULTURE IN THE US
Culture can be defined as the acceptable way of thoughts, beliefs, and behavior among and by members of a group.
In the U.S., the motto “Protect and Serve” is not just a lame one. Most people who join the force do it out of their love to help people and not as a career. This shows how police officers are dedicated to their work and are willing to work beyond man hours just to ensure peace and security prevails. Police training is designed to strip the individual of his previous status and make a police officer.
Once the individual wears the police uniform, they assume a state of power and authority that goes with the uniform. The police uniform, badge and gun are universal symbols of power and authority. They create a difference between them and the general public. There is an “us vs. them” mentality which insulates the police from the rest of the society. The police are the good guys whereas the rest of the public are potentially the bad guy.
Trust among police officers is paramount and they have created a spirit of brotherhood where morals are instilled and work ethics upheld. There are various ranks in the police department where the top most in the hierarchy is regarded the boss and assigns cases as well as duties to officers. Suspension of officers after misconduct is also done by the senior officers where the police badge and gun is returned for a certain period of time.
It is no secret that many police departments have issues with racism, homophobia and sexism. Women as well as homosexuals are still fighting to get a space into the “club”. Reports of sexual harassment either by seniors or colleagues have also been reported.
Despite the fact that the department has faced allegations of corruption, a commendable job has been witnessed in the past years and continues to be seen as time goes by.
What is academic probation and the causes
This is the placement of students who have not reached the required GPA per semester in a period where they are required to improve their grades failure to which they face dismissal.
This is due to low grades. They are hereby given an opportunity to resit their exams also known as retaking them with an aim to getting better grades. The probation period ranges starts when it is given and ends at the end of the semester.
Those put on academic probation are advised to seek counseling to find out the reasons why they had poor grades in the first place. After this they are given means through which they can uplift their grades and how to avoid academic probation in the future.
Dismissal of a student is considered permanent and one can only be readmitted if they show a certain readiness to improve their academic status. Their readmission is done by the dean of students after he has proved this. A student who has been dismissed however has the option of transferring to another institution or pursuing other interests.
Academic probation in the U.K. however refers to a period when a new member of staff at a university or college is given their first job. This period of probation is monitored by a probationary officer who does not act as a mentor but meets the probationer formally for reviews where he monitors the work done and provides goals to be reached by the probationer.
Though the two types of academic probation differ in one way or another, during this period, the probationer is required to observe discipline and abide by the set rules of the institution. Everything they do is put under speculation to determine t heir fate.
Academic probation for students however should be avoided as much as possible during their course of study.
All students have a role to play in planning their future. I believe academic probation helps them in every way to stay alert and awake.
HURRICANE KATRINA SUMMARY
Hurricane Katrina is the deadliest, costliest and most destructive Atlantic Tropical cyclone of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season compared to all other natural disasters in the history of the U.S. it is the 7th most in tense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded, part of the 2005 season, that included 3 of the 6 most intense Atlantic hurricanes ever documented.
At least 1,833 people died in the hurricane and subsequent floods, making it the deadliest since 1928 Okeechobee hurricane; total property damage was estimated at $108 billion roughly 4 times the damage brought by hurricane Andrew in 1992.
Hurricane Katrina formed over the Bahamas on August 23, 2005 and crossed Southern Florida as a moderate category or hurricane causing some deaths and flooding there before the hurricane strengthened to a category 5 hurricane over the warm Gulf water.
It however weakened before making its second landfall as a category 3 hurricane on the morning of Monday, August 29th in South East Louisiana causing severe destruction along the Gulf coast from Central Florida to Texas, due to the storm surge.
Most significant number of deaths occurred in New Orleans, Louisiana, due to flooding as the Levee system failed, after the storm had moved inland. 80% of the city and large tracts of neighboring parishes became flooded and it stayed on for weeks.
The worst property damage occurred in Coastal areas such as all Mississippi beachfront towns, which were over 90% flooded in hours, as boats rammed into buildings pushing cars and houses inland, with waters reaching 6-12 miles (10-19 km) from the beach.
The failure to protect the hurricane surge in New Orleans is considered the worst civil engineering disaster in U.S. history. This prompted a law suit against the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). The National Weather Service is commended for providing information prior to the occurrence.
Alcohol fueled violence statistics on men vs women
In many ways alcohol impairs judgement if the user and prevents the individual from making the right choices even when faced with some type of obstacle or argument. When in the state of drunkenness, the user obtains some sort of bravery that is uncalled for and will end up committing certain acts that when sober, they would not dare to do.
The rate of growth of alcohol influenced violence is alarming and the government as well as concerned organizations and ministries are putting down laws that regulate and will eventually stop alcohol fuelled violence.
These types of violence are not of one sort and ranges from domestic violence to road accidents and to the gravest kind, murder or attempted murder. When one considers the facts that may have led to the violence, it is often not sensible or worth it.
Alcohol violence affects the individual as well as all those around him or her. Violence destroys communities as well as the social fabric of suburbs, towns and restricts enjoyment of the places people work and live. Alcohol fuelled violence not only leaves people feeling unsafe in their homes and communities, it also maims, disfigures and kills.
There are growing numbers of people who are being reckless with alcohol threatening not only their health, but also the safety of themselves and others. Thoughtless acts carried out in recreational precincts and private homes have a devastating impact for a lifetime.
It is not only the injured or abused that are impacted, their families, communities, workplaces, friends, local business owners and even the perpetrator are irrevocably changed following an act of catastrophic violence.
The world web of Wikipedia is a very known cite for referencing that finds its foundation from Nupedia in 2000.The great founders –Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger who develops an open free information cite. This is a free world encyclopedia that has documented content that every body is able to access and edit. Unprotected Wikipedia has faced a lot of criticism from the scholars.
Unprotected Wikipedia is not protected just as the word. There is reported danger of the loss of content that is initially presented to the wall of Wikipedia. Some perpetrators find there way and edit the information that is provided by experts. They distort the message that is to be passed and make it unreliable.
The quality of writing has been very demanding for the unprotected Wikipedia. The mission of Wikipedia was to provide information to all people universally. However unprotected Wikipedia has provided low–high quality of writings and have been associated with acts of plagiarism.
The unprotected Wikipedia has no room to be used as research reference. Most varsity professors tell us that it’s wasting your time and resources because once you reference the free encyclopedia–unprotected Wikipedia you fail to pass anyway. Wikipedia has information that has been vandalized .The original research is not provided in Wikipedia. The articles provided have inaccurate information.
Finally, it’s very dangerous to use the Wikipedia information as reliable sources of information instead rely on the primary sources of information to avoid rejection of the academic papers.
Family versus State in Early China
China is one of the oldest unremitting civilizations in previous times and the prevailing civilizing core of East Asia. With successful economic, idealistic, artistic, political and technical beliefs, China extended a tough cultural uniqueness as a universalistic society. China has moved violently for the very last century with the challenge of building a new character in a globe of nation-states and of restructuring its intellectual worth in a contemporary world.
Family and state in China were by tradition joined in the Confucian way of life, which apprehended that the acceptable organization of relationships contained by the family was key to the categorizing of culture in general. Prominence was on protective line and hierarchical relationships, with the eldest male being the absolute power and dependability for the family unit.
China alleged to be formed on the family, with the ruler serving as the father of the community Government in China was made up by rule of moral example, rule of man not by law and rule by individual rather than authorized power.
These cultural models and theories keep on influencing the Chinese political structure and form accepted expectations of the responsibility of government in China in the present day. They are also portrayed in the organization of work unit relationships in Chinese institutions, schools and factories