STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
This is a piece of writing which describes your brain. The scientist you are and the one you purpose to be. It is also known as an application essay, Object for Graduate Study or cover letter. It is required by grad schools which are institutions of further learning offering PhD and Master programs.
The first draft is often always wrong. Applicants often write opening paragraphs that are too obvious, extraneous and space-stealing. It ends up being boring instead of capturing the attention of the reader.
One should dig and be retrospective. List your reasons for interest in a certain field. Why you love the field and why it completes you. You should tell stories briefly. These stories help to tell the reader plenty about you.
The statement of purpose should portray you as passionately interested in the field, intelligent, well-prepared academically and personally, able to take on the challenges of grad school, able to have rapport with professors and fellow students as well as the ability to finish the graduate degree in a timely fashion.
The length may vary from one institution to another. It however ranges between 300-1000 words. These words should be carefully selected by the applicant to avoid writing a lot which means nothing.
In case of problematic academic background, address that as well to reassure the committee that you are willing to improve according to scores attained in recent exams.
You should abstain from bad-mouthing your current college/professors. This shows how unpatriotic you are. Saying something of substance about each professor in the institution you want to join shows you have done your homework.
Mentioning each by their name shows appreciation for their work. Get advice from several of your professors and keep working on your statement of purpose even after submission.
CHINA’S EDUCATION SYSTEM
Education in China is inarguably the largest education system in the whole world. This is because on June 2014, there were 9.39 million students taking the National Higher Education Entrance Examination in China. Investment in education accounts for about 4% of the total Gross Domestic Product.
In 1986, the Chinese government passed a compulsory education law making nine years of education mandatory for all Chinese children. Today there are an estimated 99.7% of people with universal nine-year basic education.
International students have also enrolled in over 746 higher education institutions in China. China has a consistent teacher development system. Teaching is among the most respected professions in China. Teachers spend a lot of time perfecting their skill before they can be admitted to any teaching system.
Pre-school education is also an important component. In urban areas, it is mainly kindergartens of 3 years, two years or one year that could be full, part time or even boarding. The 9 year system of education comprises of primary and secondary education.
Higher education has in many ways played a very important role in the economic construction, science progress and social development by bringing up advanced talents and experts into the field of work. The education system however consists of pressurizing programs even on weekends that leave the students extremely tired.
The problem however comes about when the students are not let to make decisions for themselves where they could learn their interests like in U.K. schools. They hardly participate in co-curricular activities and that is why we see lesser numbers involved in more physical activities compared to intellectual ones.
Problems such as these need to be addressed before the system gives the society unequipped students with very high IQs.
BRITISH EDUCATION SYSTEM
Education in England is the responsibility of the Department for Education and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Local Authorities are responsible for implementing policy for public education and state schools at a local level. The system is divided into:-
- Early Years (Ages 3-4),
- Primary Education (Ages 4-11),
- Secondary Education ( Ages 11-18), and
- Tertiary Education (Ages 18+)
Full time education is compulsory for all children aged between 5 and 17 (from 2013, and up to 18 from 2015), either at school or otherwise, with children beginning primary education during the school year he or she turns 5.
Secondary students may then continue their education for a further 2 years, (sixth form), leading most typically to A-level qualification.
Other qualifications and Courses exist, including Business and Technology Education (BTEC) qualifications, the International Baccalaureate (IB) and the Cambridge Pre-U.
The school leaving age for compulsory education was raised to 18 by the education and Skills Act 2008, taking effect in 2013 for 16 year olds and 2015 for 17 year olds.
State provided schooling and sixth form education is paid for by taxes. Parents are free to choose any suitable means of educating their children e.g. independent schooling.
Higher education begins with a 3 year Bachelor’s degree. Post graduate degree include, master’s degree, either taught or by research, and the doctorate, a research degree that usually takes at least 3 years.
Universities require a Royal Charter in order to issue degrees, and all but one are financed by the state via tuition fees, which cost up to £9,000 per academic year for English, Welsh and E.U students.
Distance education reforms
Distance education just like all other types of education has provided a very good opportunity for different people to pursue courses that they may have wanted to do but are either not available in their local institutions.
It has also made possible the dreams of many to study in schools overseas through online learning programs as well as other practical programs. The government and the education sector are greatly committed to the provision of quality education and training to its citizens at all levels.
However, this does not mean that all has been done to make sure that distance education is of the required quality. Moreover, it has not yet been embraced among many of the citizens as they barely understand what exactly goes on in distance learning.
On a theoretical level, no one can dispute the fact that technological advancements today have the potential to provide efficient solutions for distance teacher professional development as well as learning.
Whether distance or face-to-face education, educators and researchers who have investigated educational reform around the world agree that the top-down approach to reform, in which most governments engage, has shown to be inadequate in impacting teaching practices and student achievement, the two main areas at which educational reform is focused. This may be the reason distance education is quite often looked at with skepticism.
Distance education may be a main source of education or may be used as a “quick fix” for solving certain educational problems.
Issues and trends in curriculum design and development
To starts with, I will not dwell much attempting to initiate a philosophical discussion of what a curriculum is or trying considering its distinctions. But I will focus more on the issues and trends in curriculum design.
To my assumption a curriculum probably defines the end results for learners-in a more detailed sense-whatever we wish to achieve in our educational system in all levels of education from early childhood to ordinary levels.
Let’s examine briefly how curriculum is developed until presentation and the trends that are informing the tremendous work being done.
First the issue of relevancy is of fundamental concern to educators and policy makers and learners who must ensure the provided curriculum is relevant to all the needs and requirements of all learners. This will help learners acquire relevant knowledge that will enable them develop skills like numeracy and literacy, critical thinking, creativity, collaboration, problem solving and so forth.
Taking a glance at what I would define as the most poignant trends, there is an increased utilization of computer in class, instant internet access and virtual classroom. Actually these points out the future of students will be student based if all the trends are blended together.
Benefits and Economics of higher education
Frequently in higher education, when we look at admission numbers, they are amassed. We look at the headcount of learners or the number of full-time learners or the amount of new learners or transfer learners.
Still, we look more and more at the reduction price, once more by different classes of learners. We recognize, for example, that normally first time full-time learners have a high cut rate than transfer learners or part-time learners or on session learners.
Moreover, because of that, we are acquainted with that raises or declines in groups also have outcome repercussions, even if the entire number of learners stays the unchanged.
Some of our institutes admit learners to individual programs within their institution of higher education. Others, more prevailing in number, admit students to the campus and once admitted, these learners can major in almost any area and can normally switch courses at their judgment.
In those scenarios, there can be massive cost disparities that also can positively or negatively affect the result. Regularly I talk about the significance of being a deliberate community to the level achievable.
Attempting to nature the enrollment, not only by level of student accomplishment and the matching financial/scholarship support dedication but also by major so that that the lesser cost majors can help temperate the higher cost majors and in that way keep training intensification somewhat in check.
In addition, if we can include prospect contributions by major to our equation, we can be still classier in our scrutiny.
Avoiding Plagiarism in academic writing
When writing the paper, it is important to cite sources when in doubt and to make it clear who said what. Knowing who said what and when is also key so as to avoid an outdated citation.
Plagiarism is deception that encompasses: pirating someone else’s work and not admitting it later. It is the practice of using someone else’s work and saying that you thought of it first or created it. Although there are unclear guidelines and rules between research and plagiarism, a student researching is required to acknowledge the author of certain words, phrases or data that have contributed to the originality of the student’s material. To avoid plagiarism therefore, one must acknowledge the original composer of ideas used in one’s material whether research or otherwise. In academia plagiarism for students found guilty is punishable by suspension or expulsion. In other areas like journalism plagiarism is punishable by suspension or termination of employment. This clearly shows that plagiarism is a serious offence with some dire consequences and must be avoided at all costs. However paraphrasing and re-quoting of a material is important as it allows one to add their own ideas and statements too.
Plagiarism definition in academic writing
Plagiarism is stealing another person’s idea and passing it off as your own or creating a new product from an existing idea or product. However there are unclear rule and guidelines that define the difference between research, paraphrasing and plagiarism. Learning institutions consider plagiarism as a serious offence punishable by suspension, expulsion or failing a course. This is because the institution require a student to understand the unit without taking anyone else’s ideas and making them their own. This essay will explain the effects, types and how to avoid plagiarism. Plagiarism can be an expensive crime to commit in the long run for anyone.
According to iParadigms, LLC. (2014), supposing to newspaper companies, company A and company B, a journalist from company A decides to copy words from a newspaper from company B and publishes them. Company A notices and decides to publicly defame company A or sue for plagiarism? Company A not only loses millions of shillings and customers but also the journalist, no matter how good at their job may be fired. Even when a writer paraphrases and adds their own words to the sources’ words, if not quoted and the source mentioned it is still considered plagiarism. Even though the writer’s words may be written in a completely different way, as long as the main idea of the paragraph/ phrase does not belong to the writer, credit must go to the original source and the source must be cited and acknowledged.
Types of Plagiarism
A student copies word to word of another person’s work without citing the author. This is mostly common in assignments where one student does the work and other students copy from it because maybe they did not complete theirs on time or did not research enough.
This is copying work done by one’s self;submitting statements of an assignment handed in to another professor without permission from both professors, or handing in the same assignment to different professors without their permission.
This is where the writer copies words from an author without quotation marks or citing the author of the phrases and statements. Sometime the writer may quote the author of the text but may quote them wrongly (wrong author to a quotation.)
Plagiarism can land one into a lot of problems. So citations are crucial in any research work done, to give credit where its due: if you did not write it yourself, you must give credit. If not cited even paraphrasing a person’s work may also be considered plagiarism.
Writing an introduction for school uniform essay
Policies regarding school uniforms differ from one school to the next. The School Uniform Policy however requires schools to review and document school uniform or dress code requirements in consultation with their communities and to develop strategies for the wearing of school uniforms.
School uniform consists of clothing including footwear and headwear. Uniforms are meant to identify a student with the particular institution they attend. All students are required to wear full school uniform during school hours and any other time they engage in school activities outside school hours.
Selection of school uniform should contribute to the health and safety of students especially when they engage in school activities. The community’s standards and expectations should also be reflected. Both parents and the community as a whole have a role to play in determining the school uniform to be put in place. Anti-discriminatory and equal opportunity legislations are put in place to ensure equality in uniform selection.
Importance of school uniform
There must be a form of consultation before the school’s uniform is selected among; students, teachers, parents and or guardians of the concerned students. The uniform should take into consideration the nature of the student population and should not put any student at a disadvantage.
Economic, personal, social and cultural factors affecting students and their families should also be considered. This policy is reviewed every five years and necessary changes are made. Whenever issues arise, the policy is reviewed.
The whole point of a school uniform policy is to ensure equality in uniform wearing as well as put in place a certain sense of discipline especially since non-compliance with uniform requirements results in expulsion or suspension of the said student. The involvement of students in uniform selection gives them a sense of pride in their school.
RUSSIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM
The education system of Russia is organized and coordinated by the government that ensures that general education is given free of charge and is available for every single individual. Most of the schools in Russia are state owned but there are also private schools that have been established in recent years.
The education system is fair for each child and provides adequate training to every single individual that goes through the system. Education begins with pre-school before the child attains the age of six and is not compulsory. Children go to kindergartens which focus on intellectual and physical activities. The next step is primary school, which is part of the general education system.
Primary education lasts a period of four years followed by basic general education that lasts five years and finally the secondary education that lasts two to three years. The general education in Russia aims at intellectual, emotional, moral and physical development of the individual.
This is aimed at equipping the student with enough skills to tackle life issues outside education. It also helps individuals to make conscious decisions when it comes to professional education. General education is compulsory and contains fields of study such as the Russian language, foreign languages, mathematics, history, politics and natural sciences.
Every school has its own curriculum based on state requirements. Upon completion of primary and general education, students sit for their final examinations and are awarded a Certificate of Basic General Education which qualifies the student for either secondary education, vocational education or to non-university level higher education.
After completing secondary general education, students are required to pass the state final examinations and are awarded a Certificate of Secondary General Education. General Education takes a total of 11 years to complete. Russian education is efficient and good for every Russian child.