Samsung company history

Samsung company history summary

This company is a South Korean conglomerate company founded by Lee Byung-Chul. Its headquarters are in Suwon. Samsung Company is the world’s largest manufacturer of mobile phones and smartphones due to the popularity of its Samsung Galaxy Tab.

It is a major vendor of tablet computers e.g. android-powered Samsung Galaxy Tab and pioneer of the phablet market through Galaxy Note family of devices. Samsung is therefore considered a company that has contributed to the world’s development in technology.

It is also the world’s largest maker of LCD panels since 2002, world’s largest TV manufacturer since 2006 and largest manufacturer of mobile phones since 2011. Samsung Company displaced Apple Inc. as the world’s largest company in 2011 and is a major part of the South Korean economy.

Controversies however have arisen from various areas such as employees in semi conductor plants being diagnosed with blood cancer (leukemia). The company denied being responsible but after the release of a movie “Another Promise” in 2013, Samsung offered an apology and compensation to workers who got ill. Customers have also complained about overheating of batteries as well as the explosion of Samsung devices.

On April 15, 2011, Apple sued Samsung in the U.S. District court in California for infringement on Apple’s intellectual property: its trademarks, user interface and style. The jury ruled in favor of Apple Company and it was paid $1.049 billion in damages.

Slogans such as “Samsung, for today and tomorrow” (1993-2002) and the current “Samsung Turn on tomorrow” are the driving forces for the inventor’s of these gadgets.

As time evolves, we are all expected to move with the tide and keep with the improvements in technology. We never know, the next thing may be a Samsung automobile.

Significance of watergate events

Watergate events

Watergate is a general term that is used to describe a complex web of political scandals that between 1972 and 1974. The Watergate scandal occurred in the United States as a result of the June 17th, 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and the Nixon administration attempted cover-up of its involvement.

When the conspiracy was discovered and investigated by the United States Congress, the Nixon administration’s resistance to its probes led to a constitutional crisis.

The term Watergate has come to encompass an array of clandestine and often illegal activities undertaken by members of the Nixon administration.

Those activities included such tricks as bugging the offices of political opponents and people of whom Nixon or his officials were suspicious. Nixon and his close aides ordered harassment of activist groups and political figures, using the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Internal Revenue Service.

The scandal led to the discovery of very many different cases of multiple abuses of power by Nixon’s administration, articles of impeachment and the resignation of Richard Nixon , the President of the United States, on August 9, 1974.

The only resignation of a U.S. President to date the scandal also led to the indictment, trial, conviction and incarceration of 43 people, dozens of whom were top administration officers in Nixon’s government.

A French Merchant’s Way of Life in Lorraine Province, France in 1429

A French Merchant’s Way of Life in Lorraine Province, France in 1429

France was for a long time involved in battles often with England, to try and stop the Englishmen’s gradual dominance over some of the major French provinces (Abbot 15). Having lived in the Lorraine province, I witnessed a number of unfolding events within and without our province. Some of these events were quite captivating. For instance, I would never have imagined a girl as young as nineteen years old, all dressed in white armor, in all brevity, carrying her banner high leading a whole army of soldiers into war! This has remained one of the most spectacular scenes my eyes ever beheld.

Most of my good mornings began with a one-hour mass at the St Mary’s Cathedral, where people gathered for prayers and thanksgiving. Several times we would partake of the Holy Communion sacrament. I was a firm believer professing the Christian faith. In my prayers, I would usually ask God not to allow me, or any of my family members to fall ill because medical care back then was hard to find. The hospital and other health institutions were just evolving. The people who were believed to be physicians then did not handle serious illnesses as they found their knowledge in the field still wanting and inadequate to deal with real diseases. Operating on a human body was believed to be an abomination before God as human beings were created in the image of God. Many of these institutions that existed were based on the religious organizations of the day. Religion had a major influence on many aspects of the society then. For example, the food eaten was dictated by religion. Meat was allowed as food but on certain days, religion prohibited its consumption. Also some herbs were used as food while others were banned by religion (Mackay & McDowell 340-346).

There were very unique designs used in building houses. The homes were made mainly out of timber, although in some cases where families were wealthier, they had houses whose walls were half stoned and half-timbered with cobbled sheets. Ours family house was made of timber. My parents belonged to the peasant class which was the average class in the society then. However there were other families whose status was much lower, they were poor, could hardly afford a meal and mainly relied on help extended to them by the well able families. This is another aspect I really admired about our society. The warmth and love the people shared, no matter the social differences was priceless. Many homes found together at one particular place formed a village set up. Religion to some extent also dictated dressing. Some clothing was disregarded as an abomination in the society. A woman was not allowed to wear a man’s clothing. There were clothes specifically designed for each gender (Houston 151). Both men and women wore tunics which were differently designed, and during some special occasions men would wear some unique circular cloaks. Making these clothes formed a major leisure activity for many women and women.  I enjoyed designing and cutting out the designs. Sometimes I could sell them for a little cash.

Most members of the peasant families were small scale merchant who traded in goods such as spices and herbs.  Some of these spices were obtained from the natural environment locally, while others which would be more expensive were brought in by visitors who set sail and delivered them at the seaports. Sailing ships at sea was the main means of transport. However, horses were also used especially for those in authority as well as those going in to war (Mackay & McDowell 350-354).

France was divided into different provinces, each of which formed almost a distinct state or kingdom. They were ruled by lords, dukes and barons who got their names from the provinces they ruled. These provinces were either under the England rule or the French rule. Those in the northern side were answerable to the king of England while those in the interior and southwards were under the king of France. Lorraine province was large beautiful and valuable, situated to the eastern side of France. Anjou province was locates to the westward of it. One of the reasons our province had become famous was that it was the origin of a heroine who showed great courage and determination at war and even led a whole army in to the battlefield and thereafter emerged victorious. King Rene was incharge of Anjou, hence the title Rene of Anjou. The Duke of Lorraine was called Charles. He had a daughter named Isabella. She was married off to Rene and in the year 1429, they bore Margaret Rene, their daughter. Margaret was later on to become a heroine whose life was a series of military exploits, dangers and sufferings (Abbot 15-18).

Several provinces in France at around this term were at conflict with the Englishmen from England. The Orleans was a major stronghold for England. A lady by the name Joan of Arc, born in Lorraine province, was more than determined to free the Orleans from the siege by England. She called herself ‘La Pucelle’ to mean ‘The Maiden’. She was born out of a humble background in which her father was a farmer. Her mother equipped her thoroughly on hospitality and household chores. At the age of about seventeen, she claimed to have heard voices she believed came from St Michael, St. Catherine and St Margaret that she should go and lift the English rule over the Orleans. The then King made her to be Commander in chief of the army. She, in the company of Dunois, led a military army of about 3.500 to 9,000 men in to a war against the Englishmen and won the battle. She was a young lady who exhibited military skills in battle. Her aim was to get have England pull out so that Charles would be anointed and crowned as king, an occasion which she witnessed. Her military army always brought home victory in the battles they fought and one of the noble things St Joan of Arc would do after every victory was call everybody to a mass of Thanksgiving (Kiester 22-26).

I find the history of France very fascinating and of all the world history, I would be keen to read on this particular state. I would be keen to read about the restoration the crown of Kingship to Charles and the withdrawal of England from France. Even more interesting is the story of the battle of the Orleans which was led by St. Joan of Arc. Any history books giving an account of these events are what I would look for in the library.

Those are some of the aspects that made up the humble and simple life of a French merchant living in the province of Lorraine, France in 1429. It is a life that was surrounded by uncertainties of war and sometimes poverty, yet in a way witnessing some of the major happenings making up the French history.

Latino American history of assimilation and immigration

Latino colonial history

One person out of six in America is a Latino forming approximately 16.3 percent of the total states population. The Latino population is growing rapidly with an estimated growth of 29 percent by the year 2050.

Latino is a diverse group in America that is tied with a taste of colonial history, social and language perception and they have faced variety of challenges related to their identity. Although they have added a certain layer in America, their major hardship is assimilation.

Latino American history of assimilation and immigration is rather interesting, challenging and broad. Actually, a broad part of this history shows the way they still live and struggle in their attempt to establish their identity and fit in the society. Although acceptance is increasing with an increasing rate, it still presents difficulties.

The history of Latinos though not quite well documented, still remains very relevant to today’s America. For instance, the migration of the Cubans and Mexican led to deepening of the debt crisis in America due to increase in population.

Political turmoil as the Latino try to fight for their rights and recognition still brings a challenge. Increased violence still has similar effects and more particular in North America.

Tiananmen Square Massacre 1989 in China

Tiananmen Square Massacre 1989 in China

         In May 1989, thousands of protestors mostly young Chinese students, crowded into central Beijing protesting against communist party leaders who were deemed too repressive.

The protests were triggered by the death of communist party general, Hu Yaobang, who was deposed after losing a power struggle with hardliners over the direction of political and economic reforms on April the same year. For nearly three weeks the protestors kept up with daily matching and chanting.

Much of the drama was capture on the newspapers and news all over the world. However on June 4th 1989 Chinese troops and security police matched into the Tiananmen Square and shot into the crowds of protestors indiscriminately leading to what is today known as the June fourth incident or the ’89 democracy movement.

It became the June 4th massacre as troops with assault rifles and tanks tried to make their way to the Tiananmen Square where the protestors had been for seven weeks and were block by unarmed civilians. The troops inflicted casualties on the civilians. The Chinese government condemned the protests as a counter-revolutionary riot.

Turmoil broke out as tens of thousands of students tried to escape and others tried to fight back by stoning the troops. There is no data about how many people were killed or injured that day due to lack of information from  china but it is thought to be a few hundred to a few thousands.

After the aftermath the government conducted a country wide arrest of protestors and their supporters, expelled foreign journalists, controlled the coverage of the events in the domestic press and strengthened the police and internal securities.

These actions were internationally condemned and the western governments declared economic sanctions and arms embargoes in response to it violation of human rights. The actions shocked both its allies and the cold war enemies.

How did the great northern war end, who won and the causes

Great northern war summary

The Great Northern War that lasted a total of 21 years from 1700 to 1721 was a conflict in which the Tsardom of Russia led a coalition to contest the supremacy of the Swedish Empire in Central, Northern and Eastern Europe. The war started when the alliance of Denmark-Norway, Saxony and Russia declared war on the Swedish empire.

Causes of the great northern war

Sweden was ruled by the young Charles XII who was 18 years old and inexperienced. The attackers therefore took advantage of this and decided to attack the Swedish empire. The opposition of the Swedish joined forces and became strong enough to fight Sweden. The war ended with Sweden’s defeat leaving Russia as the new dominant power.

The Swedish state proved unable to support and maintain its army in a prolonged war. The cost of the war proved more than the supporting countries could manage. Russia however was able to mobilize a larger army, but could not put all of it into action simultaneously.

Who won the great northern war

The mobilization system was however ineffective and the expanding nation needed to be defended in many locations. Peter the Great who led the Russians saw that his acquisition of an outlet at either the Black Sea or the Baltic Sea would make his territory stronger. This became his main goal, which he finally achieved.

At some point, the young King Charles had to exit Sweden and ran to Turkey where after sometime was no longer welcome. He was facing a difficult period when his kingdom was undergoing assimilation. Treaties were signed between Sweden and various countries such as Denmark. Finally, a treaty ending the war was signed between Russia and Sweden on August 30, 1721. This marked the end of the Great Northern War.

Orthodox church history essay

Orthodox church history essay

This is the second largest Christian church in the world. It teaches that it is the “One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church established by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission to the disciples almost 2000 years ago. This church traces its roots back to the earliest church established by St. Paul and the Apostles through the ancient Roman Empire.

It practices what it believes is the original faith passed down from the disciples of Jesus. Through time, the Church has incorporated the cultures that are acceptable in the religious faith and has influenced the traditions of many such as the Greek, Romanian and Celtic peoples.

Through baptism, Orthodox Christians enter what is deemed a new life of salvation through repentance and share in the life of God through the work of the Holy Spirit. The Orthodox Church has no difference with other churches such as the Roman Catholic, Anglican Communion and the Oriental Orthodox churches.

What unites the Orthodox Church is its strong faith based on Holy tradition. This faith is expressed mostly in worship and most essentially in worship. The faith lives and breathes by god’s interaction in communion with the church.

All members of this church are one, in spite of race, nationality, jurisdiction or time of birth. The Orthodox Church considers Jesus Christ as the head of the church and the Church to be his body. There are therefore no bishops as heads of the Orthodox Church.

It is believed that authority and the grace of God is directly passed down to Orthodox bishops and clergy through the laying on of hands. Each church has its own set of beliefs and it is one’s individual choice to follow whichever suits him or her. Orthodox is one option, make a choice.

History of EU and Euro essay

History of EU and Euro

  It is an economic and political union amid European countries, which makes its own policies concerning the members’ societies, laws, and economies, and to some level defense. Nevertheless, to some, the European Union is an exaggerated system of government that drains wealth and compromises the power of independent nations.

The Maastricht Treaty created the European Union (EU) on November 1, 1993. The European Union was not formed immediately by the Maastricht Treaty, but was the consequence of steady incorporation since 1945, a development when one stage of union has been seen to function, giving assurance and momentum for a next level. In this way, the EU can be said to have been created by the stipulates of its associate nations.

The end of the 2WW left Europe separated between the socialist, Soviet dominated, eastern league, and the mostly democratic western states. There were doubts over what course a rebuilt Germany would acquire and in the west deliberations of a centralized European union re-surfaced.

Hopeful to unite Germany to the pan-European independent society to the degree that it, and the rest of allied European nation, together wouldn’t be capable of starting a new war, and would oppose the development of the socialist to the east.

Affordable healthcare act for America legislation

Affordable healthcare act

The affordable health care for America legislation was signed into law in 2010. It was first crafted by the United States House of Representatives as a bill in 2009 but was never passes into law but through the Obama administration when it was passed into law.

The key provision under the act included prohibiting insurers from charging different rates based on the patients’ medical history or gender. It prohibits insurers from refusing to cover a patient’s medical bill based on their medical history. This is due to the fact that insurers in the past have been known to find faults with a consumer’s application so that they can avoid paying for their medical bills especially for those suffering from cancer.

The act also established minimum standards for qualified health benefit plans. Qualified health benefits in this case follows similar rules stipulated in the affordable health care for America act which include a standard set of services which includes hospital and outpatient care, mental care and maternity, prevention and well child care.

Consumer protections

The law provides that consumers should be able access information and can be able to compare insurance coverage options and pick the cover which can accommodate their needs. This will be possible in that it is required that such information should be put online where anyone can access them.

The law also prohibits denying coverage of children based on pre-existing conditions. It does this by preventing insurance companies from preventing coverage to children under the age of 19 based on previous existing conditions which were used in the past.

The law also has consumer assistance programmes. This is done through granting of grants to states which subscribe to these laws which will help them set up or expand independent offices to help consumers navigate the private health insurance system. These system helps consumers make complaints and appeals to enroll in health coverage, get educated about their insurance policies and rights either as a group or an individual.

In a bid to increase access to improved quality and cost effective care, the government will provide small businesses with insurance tax credits. This is to enable them provide insurance benefits to their workers where the 1st phase will provide a credit of up to 35% of the employer’s contribution to the employee’s health insurance while small non-profit organizations may receive 25% credit.

The law will also see to prevention of disease and illness by setting aside $15billion prevention and public health fund which will be invested to help keep the Americans healthy which include smoking cessation to dealing with issues of obesity. The law will also crack down on health care fraud as it will invest in new resources which will require new screening procedures for healthcare providers to boost efforts of reducing fraud and waste in Medicare, Medicaid and CHIP.

Americans who earn less than 133% of the poverty level as of 2014 will be eligible to enroll in Medicaid.  Under the law, most individuals who can afford are required to take personal responsibility by obtaining personal insurance covers or pay a fee to help offset the costs of caring for the uninsured  Americans. However, if the coverage is not available to the individual, then they will be exempted.

In 2015, it is expected that physicians will be paid according to value and nor volume. Physician’s pay will be tied to the quality of the care they provide to the patients. Their payments will be modified in that those who provide a higher value will consequently receive a higher pay. This will therefore be effective as from January 1, 2015.

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA)

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is the largest Arab state in Western Asia by land area of approximately 2,150,000 km. constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. The kingdom is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain and United Arab Emirates to the east. This article will therefore overlook on the Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia.

The capital city is called Riyadh and Islam is the official religion and Arabic as their official language. The kingdom uses Saudi riyal as their currency and has an approximate population of 29,994,272 people as at 2013 with a GDP of approximately $ 1.652 trillion as per 2014. The current ruler is king Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz, the crown prince is Salman bin Abdulaziz.

The kingdom was founded in 1932 by Saud by uniting four regions namely Hejaz, Najd, Hasa, and Asir into a single state. The country is an absolute monarchy governed along Islamic lines, namely under the influence of Wahhabism and is also referred to as the “ land of the Two Holy Mosques” in reference to Al-masjid al-Haram in Mecca and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina, the two holiest places in Islam.

Saudi Arabia is a high income economy as it is the world’s dominant oil producer and exporter and also controls world’s second largest hydrocarbon reserves thus being the only Arab country to take part of the G-20 major economies and is an active member of Gulf cooperation Council, Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

However the kingdom’s regime is said to be authoritarian and is ranked as “not free” by the Freedom house. According to the basic law of Saudi Arabia, the king must comply with the sharia law and the Quran while Quran and Sunnah (traditions of Muhammad) are declared to be the countries constitute