Google company history


It was founded in 1998 by founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin who met at Stanford University in 1995. It was initially called BackRub. It is an American multinational corporation/company that provides a wide range of services and products for its consumers. Its mission is to organize the world’s information to make it universally accessible and useful.

Google’s popularity has grown rapidly and its use among citizens has broken records and still remains to be the most visited site. It provides a search engine that equips the public with information of various types and forms therefore facilitating education people.

It also has the latest news, pictures as well as jobs available from all corners of the world. Google has played a major role in making the world a global village since it indiscriminately offers forum for interaction for all people.

It offers online productivity software including email (Gmail), a cloud storage service (Google Drive), office suite (Google docs) and social networking service (Google+). It also has a shipping express delivery service initially available in San Francisco and Silicon Valley. Along its product line is the latest Nexus 5 Google phone.

In the 15 years of its existence, Google has expanded its boundaries and in 2013, it operated 70 offices in more than 40 countries globally. This is an avenue for provision of employment to creative individuals as well as other applicable positions in the company.

Its market dominance however has led to prominent media coverage, including criticism over issues e.g. copyright, censorship and privacy. These however have not hindered its growth and the company still exists among well-established corporations in the world with up to 540 million active monthly users of Google +.

Transportation in England history


Transport in the U.K. is facilitated with road, air rail and water networks. A radial road network totals 29,145 miles (46,904 km) of main roads, 2173 miles (3497 km) of motorways and 213,750 miles (344,000 km) of paved roads.

The National Rail network of 10,072 route miles (16,116 km) in Great Britain and 189 route miles (303 route km) in Northern Ireland carries over 18,000 passenger and 1,000 freight trains daily. Urban rail networks exist in London, Manchester, Birmingham, Edinburg, Glasgow, Cardiff, Belfast, Leeds and Liverpool.

There are many regional and international airports, with Heathrow Airport in London being one of the busiest in the world. There is also a network of ports which receive millions of tones of goods each year.

In recent years, more people have turned to using cars as a mode of transport, while the use of buses has declined, and railway use has grown more slowly. Freight transport has increased over the years, increasing in volume and shifting from railways onto the road.

By 2002, the volume of freight moved had almost trebled to 254 billion tone kilometers of which 7.5% was moved by rail, 26% by water, 4% by pipeline and 62% by road. Despite this increase, the cost of trucks and Lorries in the U.K has reportedly decreased.

Although the decline in railway use led to a reduction in the length of the rail network, the length of the road network has not increased in proportion to the increase in road use.

This has made traffic congestion one of the most serious problems facing the U.K according to the Department for Transport (2008). Bottleneck roads are in serious danger of becoming so congested that it may damage the economy. (Eddington report, 2006).

There are 471 airports and airfields of which 334 are paved. There are 11 heliports. The largest airport is British Airways. 3 cities in the U.K have rapid transit systems, most well known is the London Underground, (commonly known as the Tube). In the 19th and 20th centuries, Tram systems were popular but with the rise of the car, they began to be widely dismantled.

Road transport includes, buses, coaches, cars e.t.c. Water transport includes, ferries, cruise ships.


French Revolution causes and facts

This was a period that involved radical social and political upheaval in France from 1789 to 1799. This 10 year upheaval affected the French and modern history leading to the rise of democracy and nationalism.

Globally, the Revolution accelerated the rise of republics and democracies, the spread of liberalism, nationalism, socialism and secularism.

Different people give different opinions about the causes of the Revolution. The main reasons may however be the poor harvests, unhealthy state of the economy, rising food prices and an inefficient tax system.

The state was nearing bankruptcy due to France’s financial obligations from involvement in the Seven Years’ War and its participation in the American Revolutionary War.

The church was not spared either since they owned about 10% of the state’s land and did not pay taxes. The Roman Catholic Church levied a tithe often collected in the form of crops. The wealth of the church was highly resented by the people leading to the church and clergy losing special privileges.

On the night of 4th August 1789, the National Constituent Assembly abolished feudalism. It adopted the equality of taxation, adoption of all into public office and freedom of worship among others.

The period also saw the rise of the political parties in French politics. The parties were regarded as “clubs”. The Assembly abolished all internal trade barriers, put in place the right for anyone to carry out business through the purchase of a license and made strikes illegal.

At the time, the legislature had abolished all hereditary offices except for the monarchy itself.

The Revolution may have benefitted the citizens in one ways or the other but the number of lives lost can never be replaced. This remains a vivid memory in all minds of those present during the revolution.

BP oil spill tourism impact


The Gulf Coast is now a hot destination again after two years of having to deal with the effects of the massive BP oil spill that had made the region a tourist dead zone, with the petroleum giant pumping more than $150 million into promotions to help the region recover.

The perception that New Orleans had been laden with oil had to be scraped off of people’s minds and this took a lot of time and money to do. Indeed a lot of funds were put into the tourism sector for promotion purposes.

The BP Company has since the accident sent funds to the affected regions for example Florida, Louisiana, Alabama and Mississippi to aid tourism that amounts to about $150 million. This is not the end of it since the company was also expected to shell out close to $30 million more by the end of 2013.

Businesses that rely on tourists in the region are however not lucky enough since they are still struggling. Even though many tourists may love the Gulf coast, the memories may still play a big part in preventing them from coming back to the region.

The rising gasoline prices and a still-shaky national economy could also be factors that are stalling and hindering return of the tourism boom in the region.


Where was the first worldcup held?

The World Cup was first held in 1930, when the president of FIFA, Jules Rimet decided to stage an international football tournament. The first tournament started with 13 participating teams and has advanced to 32 international men’s teams for the final tournament. There is a two year qualifying process involving almost 200 teams all over the world.

By 1900, the sport had gained ground worldwide and national football associations were being founded. It all started with amateur teams playing against each other and later on, there was evident entry of international professional teams to join the Olympic Event.

The first two World Cup matches took place simultaneously and were won by France and the USA, who beat Mexico 4-1 and Belgium 3-0 respectively. The first goal in the World Cup was scored by Lucien Laurent of France. In the final, Uruguay defeated Argentina 4-2 in Montevideo and became the first nation to win a world cup.

The 1934 World Cup was hosted by Italy and was the first to include a qualification stage. A total of 16 teams qualified. Italy won the cup as the first European team to do so. Egypt also became the first African team to play in the tournament. The event was set to take place in 1942 but was cancelled due to the World War II.

Spain then hosted an expanded 1982 World Cup which featured 24 teams the first expansion since 1934. Italy once more became the champions. Recent events such as the 2010 World Cup have had various improvements. This one was hosted in South Africa and the cup was won by Spain. The final game saw a record number of yellow cards.

The 2014 event was held in 2014; with Germans emerging the champions after a 1-0 win against Argentina.

Siege events of Jerusalem during 11TH Century


The dawn of the 11th century is ravished with the siege events of Jerusalem that marks history as the first crusade. This holy Battle of Jerusalem in the first Crusade in 1071 – 1099 was very poor from the beginning.

The Christendom suffered consequences when church destruction decree was given by the caliph of Egypt known as Al- Hakim. The following events of the Battle of Jerusalem in the first Crusade in 1071 – 1099 unfolded over the years.   

Year of 1095

In November, Urban II – the pope, gave a public speech calling on Christians from west while at the Council of Clermont. They were to give help to their brethren Christian who   were from the eastern side. During this period, the Moslem Turks had but the Christians under siege attack.

In addition, urban II ensured that Jerusalem achieved their liberation after Moslem’s a 400 years dominion. Moreover, several letters were also done for the purpose of urban II to show case that crusade launch was crucial.

Year of 1096

August 15, the crusade date was officially set to begin by urban II.

Year of 1097

In this year Crusader, a strong army of 43,000 matched and captured Nicaea. It was their duty to return the empire to the control of Byzantine.

Year of 1098

This is the period in history when holy lands were created in Latin after Baldwin of Boulogne managed to occupy Edessa.  Therefore, the climax of the first crusade is when Antioch fall becoming the kingdom of Frank.

5 top Qualities that make a leader historically relevant

Qualities that make a leader historically relevant

For a leader to be historically relevant like the likes of Nelson Mandela, queen victoria, Benjamin franklin and Patriarch Nikon, there are some really important qualities they must possess. In this article we will feature a few of those qualities that are very crucial for a leader to have to be historically relevant.

The first quality is practicality. It is important that a leader is practical and know that the majority is not always right and he should be strong enough to make decisions without the support of the majority when he has to, Having in mind that you cannot please everyone all the time.

The leader also has to be progressive. They should know what they want and move forward toward achieving that goal. They should come up with new ideas and incentives to help them achieve what they want to achieve.

A good leader must be extroverted. This means that the leader is a people person who experiences and expresses positive emotions most of the time. Extroverts show leadership, exude confidence, express vision for the future and are sociable. Extroverts are more likely to be recognized as leaders than introverts.

A leader must also be flexible to adapt to unpleasant and unplanned situations with grace. The must also be able to adapt to new surroundings and situations and adjust themselves accordingly. They must take storms, crises and emotions as part of life and keep calm and clear head to steer the people to the main purpose.

For a leader to be historically relevant they must remain realistically optimistic even when faced with challenges. If Thomas Edison had not been optimistic and confident enough maybe we wouldn’t be using light bulbs today. A leader should have faith that if you try enough times you will eventually succeed.

A good leader must have exemplary character. They must not be preachers of water drinking wine. They must practice commendable and morally right deeds all times even in the face of temptations.


These are just a few of the traits a leader must have to be historically relevant. They must have a clear vision of where they want to go, what they want to achieve and who they want in their team. With a clear goal set and great optimism, a leader will achieve anything they set their mind to achieve.

5 helpful facts that are undeniably true about the essay History of Los Angeles

The History of Los Angeles


Los Angeles which means The Angels is the most populous city in the US state in California, commonly known by its initials LA. Located in southern California it has a land area of 1,215 km². it is the seat of Los Angeles county and is the most ethnically diversely populated county in the united states with a population of over 4 million people. It is home to the famous Hollywood and produces music videos, movies and video games. This article explores the history and founders of this great city of Los Angeles.


The city of Los Angeles was formed in 4th September 1781 when the first colonial settlement was made and it was called El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora la Reina de Los Angeles de Porcincula (Our Lady Queen of the Angels of Porcincula), named in honor of the shrine to the Virgin Mary, Santa Maria degli Angeli, Our Lady of the Angels.

The person most responsible for the development of pueblo was Governor Felipe de Neve who took the construction of presidio and the town as his responsibility and called for volunteers to help. The volunteers received a lot of building material, farm, tools and exemptions from taxes.

The city was built in-land rather than on the ocean where it would have received too many attacks. It was built in the traditional Spanish style. Neve identified Santa Barbara, San Jose, and Los Angeles as sites for his new pueblos (cogweb 2014).

According to Roger Waldinger, Mehdi Bozorgmehr, The town grew as soldiers and commoners settled there which led to the construction of plaza chapel in 1784. Each settler received four suertes, for farming, two irrigated plots and two dry ones. In 1847 LA was captured by the US forces.

The discovery of gold 1848 saw the city be populated by Americans, the Chinese and the Indians. In 1861 Los Angeles experienced a period of two years of floods followed by two years of drought but it still recovered.In 1900 hollywood was created as a film shooting industry.

The second world war  saw LA become an aircraft and ammunition production point which led to many people migrating to get security and jobs.


The city of Los Angeles has overcome a lot to become the beautiful city, which attracts thousands of tourists each year, it is today. A lot of money and effort has gone into building the beautiful city.

The rise of FRANKISH EMPIRE its history and when it all came to an end


This kingdom is also called the Kingdom of the Franks and was the territory inhabited by a confederation of German tribes in the early middle ages. The kingdom was founded by Clovis I, the first king of the Franks in 496. Clovis’ death saw the division of the kingdom into territories by his sons who each got equal portions of the region formerly ruled by their father.


Upon the death of any of the brothers, the land he owned was to be redistributed among his surviving brothers. These kingdoms ruled by brothers were not always at peace with each other. Unfortunately, some of the brothers were greedy and wanted to fight and kill each other so as to acquire the portion of land owned by the deceased brother.

This tradition of splitting land among one’s sons was practiced even by the surviving sons of Clovis. The land was passed on from one generation to the next of sons from this family. Laws in the land varied due to the presence of different tribes such as the Chamavi.

During the early periods, law was preserved by officials known as the rachimburgs. They were trained to understand and remember the law as well as pass it on. This ensured preservation of the law even through many generations.

When the FRANKISH EMPIRE all came to an end

With the help of Missionaries who consisted of the Irish and Scottish, Christianity was spread all over the land with the establishment of monasteries taking place in the Frankish Empire. The empire’s currency differed depending on the ruling king. One who was Theudebert I began minting his own money immediately he started his reign. The previous kingdoms used the Byzantine coinage.

Many changes took place as his kingdom experienced change in leadership. Its survival however was ensured by proper rule.    

When did the Ottoman Empire rule end in Egypt

When did the Ottoman Empire rule end in Egypt

Egypt was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1517 following the Ottoman-Mamluk war which lasted between 1516 and 1517. Syria was absorbed into the empire in 1516. Egypt was a difficult province for the Ottoman Sultans to control due to the continuing influence of the Mamluks who had ruled the country for centuries.

The invasion of Egypt by the French led the Empire to become vulnerable to attacks and after the French were expelled, power was seized in 1805 by Muhammad Ali Pasha, an Albanian military commander of the Ottoman army in Egypt.

Officers in the Ottoman Egyptian army were appointed locally from the various militias and had strong ties to the Egyptian aristocracy. Soon after the French left Egypt the country started experiencing troubles due to the Ottoman’s attempts to destroy the Mamluks.

After a long period of struggling the region started experiencing some form of uplift for example in areas of education in areas such as Alexandria. The agricultural sector in itself was seeing an improvement as the cultivation of cotton was developing in the Delta.

Muhammad Ali ensured the port of Alexandria rose into importance once again. The overland transit of goods from Europe to India through Egypt was resumed.

A peace treaty was signed between Ali and the Western empire and even though the peace treaty was harsh, it left Ali’s dynasty in power.