Mental health interventions for refugees


Processes of resettlement are quite common among migrants and refugees. The fact that they do not have permanent homes places them at the disadvantage of not enjoying comfortability in one place. In the process of all this movement, they are forced to adapt to new cultures, learn new languages and such other necessities.

This resettlement can place their mental health at risk. The grief, loss and continuing anxiety over family and friends left behind can make it difficult to establish a new life. The fact that they are unemployed and lack recognition is another major cause of mental breakdown.

Some refugees have witnessed killings, war and trauma and in many obvious cases have been forced to migrate from their mother countries to other countries that may play host to them. Refugees are entitled to receive health care, welfare and social services depending on the policies and resources of the host country concerned.

Countries that have signed the United Nations Convention on Refugees are obliged to consider the application for anyone who claims refugee status and grant that person refuge on the basis of the evidence. Refugees possess few rights even in their countries of settlement which leads to their mistreatment in many spheres of life.

A number of national and non-governmental health agencies around the world provide impressive services frequently with very few resources in an attempt to meet some of the physical and psychological health needs of people forced to reside in refugee camps.

When one loses all their life achievements, wealth and social status in just one event to end up a refugee, they are bound to go into a state of mental instability. The thought that you once had all you had ever wanted and now you don’t is not a joke.

Voting process and system in the US explained


Voting per se is not a right defined in the U.S. constitution but is of built around the concepts of rights of “person”. Eligibility to vote in the U.S. is relevant at both the federal and state levels.

Currently, only American citizens can vote in federal elections. Each state has the discretion to provide qualifications for one to have voting rights in the various states. For example some states will accept non-citizens living in those states to participate not particularly in voting but also in the campaign for leaders they deem fit.

An amendment to the constitution (Voting Rights Act of 1965) was ratified specifically to extend voting rights to different groups of citizens. These extensions state that no one is denied the right to vote based on birth, race, sex, tax default etc. states may however deny the right to vote based on other reasons e.g. expiry of voter registration period, convicted felons et cetera.

One can vote if they satisfy the following criteria:

  1. Be a United States citizen.
  2. Be a resident of the concerned state.
  3. Should be 18 years or older on Election Day.
  4. Not found by a court to be mentally incompetent.
  5. Not in prison, parole or in county jail.

To register to vote, one must complete a brief voter registration application on paper or online. This can be done through the Secretary of state’s website, or you can pick up an application at your county elections office, any department of motor vehicles office and many post offices, public libraries and government offices.

Information sent online must be verified by your county elections official before you can be authorized to vote. Once registered, you do not need to re-register even if you did not vote in the last elections.  Your registration can however be cancelled if you have not voted in several consecutive general elections.

Qualities and characteristics of a good political and business leader free essay

Good leader essay introduction

Being a leader is one of the most crucial of positions in all institutions. People who end up being good leaders portray leadership skills from young ages and often find themselves being given positions without even campaigning for them.

Good leadership is portrayed in the amount of work that results from the area of work. The work done by individuals under the leadership of an individual is enough to either accredit or discredit the individual. Selecting a good leader is paramount in all spheres of life and those involved should weigh each and every person’s qualities before making such an important decision.

What are the most important qualities of a leader

For one to be a leader, they have to have to portray certain qualities. Virtues of honesty and hard work are paramount for any leader. A political leader should be someone who serves as an example to the people and should be loyal to the people they represent.

Someone with good communication skills is also required. The ability to speak and listen in return is crucial and should be possessed by every political leader. The political scene is accompanied by many lures and temptations and one may be tempted to misuse authority vested in them instead of doing what is right.

Taking responsibility for one’s actions is also one of the most important characteristics of a leader. A business leader for example should be one who gives directions in the office about various operations and incase they fail, he or she should accept that they have failed in one way or the other and to immediately correct the situation.

Commitment is not a choice but a recommendation. One’s availability and presence among those he/she leads will ultimately lead to the success of the whole institution. Let us choose leaders wisely!

Teen prostitution in Ukraine essay summary

Teen prostitution in Ukraine essay summary

According to records, there are about 11,000 to 15,000 teenagers working as prostitutes in Ukraine. Of the total number, 62% were actually having unprotected sex in 2008 but this dropped to 40% in 2011. Regions of Southern Ukraine bear the highest numbers of individuals with HIV/AIDS. Death tolls are also high in the age group of 15 to 24 year olds.

Ukraine is a country that has lax law enforcement, a shaky economy and very high levels of corruption. It is therefore quite easy for pedophiles to engage in sexual activities with child prostitutes without the government lifting a finger. Some of the members of the political sphere participate in this dehumanizing act due to what may be called a strong appetite for children. This is probably the main reason why this vice is unending in Ukraine.

Tough laws have not been enacted by the government that  require long prison sentences for pedophiles. Human Rights activists have tried all ways to fight against it but have not been able to get through to the masterminds. The high poverty levels of the country make the case even worse.

Young girls are forced to engage in prostitution so as to get money for basic necessities. In other cases, predators find that paying a child for sex is way cheaper than paying for an escort. It may just involve candy for sexual contact. It is that easy. Homeless and poor children are particularly vulnerable.

Sale of child pornography is a common thing in Ukraine and has led to more than 1000 cases of sexual abuse over recent years. Children from 8 to 17 years are involved in this illegal activity. It hurts to think of the many lives destroyed in Ukraine. Something needs to be done, fast.


When did the western Roman empire start, end and how long it lasted

This was a period of decline in the West Roman Empire in which it disintegrated and split into many different states. The cultural influence is still felt up to date. The empire did not have the strength to rise again.

The events of the decline became a debatable subject and the fall of the Roman Republic was said to be a major reason for the fall of the kingdom. The empire suffered a serious crisis in the third century which was associated with rise of an empire known as Sassanid Empire that led to the crashing of Roman armies. Other problems that affected the empire were rising civil wars and barbarian invasions.

The empire however managed to survive the third century and was revived with more emphasis placed on the state’s army. The barbarians became accepted into the empire and they were given lands, recruited to the army and some of their leaders given positions in the leadership of the empire.

Cultural assimilation was sure to take place between the residents and the barbarians over the next few centuries. Official cruelty, support of extortion and corruption became widespread in the region. The emperors pretty much lost their control since anyone that provided money acquired control in one way or the other.

The rich families who did not pay tax took in more of the available wealth and income. The barbarians were in large numbers in the armies and their culture started being practiced in the army.

Slowly, the state of the empire started declining with the state’s currency facing lack of use. There were no more projects on architecture and more repairs were seen taking place than actual building. The efficiency of the army started going down.

With the many attacks and poor economy, the empire collapsed.