Effects of drug abuse on family and society

Impact of substance abuse to the family

When on parent is abusing drugs, it may lead to the other trying to compensate the deficiencies caused by the substance abusing partner and often the children end up acting like surrogate spouses for the parent who abuses substances.

The children may develop a system to protect themselves from the reality of the parent abusing substance leading to them no acting age appropriately. On the other hand the parents of the adults abusing substances may maintain inappropriate dependent relationships with their grown off springs reducing the vital maturation process so necessary for both the child and their family.

Substance abuse does not only affect the nuclear family but the extended family too. The extended family my experience feelings of anger, bitterness, anxiety, fear and embarrassment and my want to cut off ties with the person with substance abuse disorder.

Some may even feel they need legal protection from the person.if both parents are substance abusers the extended family may be required to take care of the children.

The impact of substance abuse my go affecting up to generations, it can have a negative impact in molding trust, and role modeling which may damage relationships for generations. A child with a substance abusing parent my grow up to become a controlling overprotective parent.

Studies have shown that children from homes with drug abusive parents are more likely to experience divorce, need to control relationships and mental disorders like depression and anxiety.

Children of women who abuse drugs when pregnant are likely to suffer from low birth weight, fatal alcohol syndrome and sexually transmitted diseases.

Latency children(below age five) have schooling problems and teenagers are force to mature too early and take up responsibilities around the home like taking care of younger siblings. Substance abuse leads to inappropriate role taking and family subsystems.

First symptoms to last stage of aids before death

A suffering multitude

Aids which stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is the final stage of HIV infection. Those who suffer from HIV do not ultimately have to end up with AIDS. Those who have AIDS have very low CD4 cell count. If not diagnosed and treated in time, it will result to death since the body is exposed to attack by all types of diseases due to low immunity.

Gays and bisexual men of all races are the most severely affected by HIV. Statistics show that 1 million people are living with HIV in the United States with 15.8% being unaware of their state of health. About 1 in 4 new infections is among youth aged 13-24. These also are not aware and are therefore at a very high risk of spreading it to others.

50,000 new HIV infections are recorded every year. This is to mean that despite the high number of people suffering from AIDS, not enough awareness has been created to curb the spread of the disease, which has no cure. Mostly African Americans continue to be affected.

In 2011, 49,273 people were diagnosed with HIV in the United States. 32,052 were diagnosed with AIDS. Despite the government’s efforts to provide free medical care and health benefits to those who suffer from the disease, a high number still does not access medical care for their own reasons. A contributing factor may be denial. Due to this, deaths have totaled to 636,000 with 15,529 dying in 2010. Since the epidemic began, 260,800 blacks have died with an AIDS diagnosis.

It is saddening that despite the fact that the US was first to discover the presence of the disease in 1981, several Americans have continued to die due to the illness. High numbers in the 1980s were in California and New York and were said to be gay men. At the end of 1981, up to 5 to 6 new cases were being reported each day.

From the beginning, AIDS was associated with a high level of stigma since those who had the disease were also facing a high rate of stigmatization; gays and those using intravenous drugs. It had not yet been proven that the major way of transmission was by sexual contact but it was highly suspected. In March 1987, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the use of AZT as the first antiretroviral drug to be used in the treatment of AIDS.

Ryan White, a child who had acquired AIDS from a blood transfusion to treat his condition; hemophilia was not allowed to attend public school due to fears that he was going to spread it to other students. Afterwards when he was allowed to go to school, he faced hostility from both students and teachers yet through current scientific research, it was not even his fault to contract the disease. Unfortunately, he died in 1990.

With time, more effective drugs have been invented and have prolonged life for those suffering from AIDS. Fewer deaths have been reported in the past years. The government has continued to create awareness about the disease as well as formation of organizations such as The Global Fund, United Nations AIDS Organization and The Elton Jones AIDS Organization are just but examples.

Scientists are trying all they can to discover the cure for AIDS. Before it is invented, it is our duty as a nation to provide all manner of support to the sufferers of this disease as well as the medical centre by volunteering to work for organizations. Fighting stigma is also another way of supporting AIDS patients. All it  takes is time and commitment and all the hostility will end.

Effective Communication in early childhood 

What to consider for effective Communication in early childhood

Effective Communication will generally involve sharing information and responding positively. Effective communication in early childhood will involve the child, early childhood educator and the parent. It helps build a very strong relationship between the three entities through honesty, respect and trust.

For there to exist a strong and effective communication in early childhood, there are various thing that parents and early childhood educators should take into consideration. Some include;-

Knowing the need and strengths of the child

Although it is said that children develop in their own different ways and rates, overall guidelines show that behaviors and skills of children are different at certain ages. Such attributes will help determine what the child might need and the help required and support to provide.

Many find it easy discussing such needs and strengths with their neighbors or family friends. To develop consistent result, check for a variety of pattern rather than an instance.

Sharing information

Once you successfully come up with consistent results regarding your child needs and strengths find a professional who will help you analyze them in an insightful way. The professional will help you with the best approaches to use while engaging with your child.

Social effects of alcoholism on society and family

Effects of alcohol on society and families

There is a host of social problems carried by alcoholism. Not only is the drinker affected but the whole family unit. Alcoholism is currently becoming a major society problem and their effects are quite devastating to the family.

Marriages have been destroyed both financially and emotionally. Alcoholic parents are fracturing their children emotionally. Studies have shown that alcoholics suffer addiction at very early ages thus affecting the society as a whole.

Effects of Alcoholism on society

Not only does alcoholism affect an individual but also even those who are close to them are negatively affected. For instance, absenteeism at work is highly related to alcoholism. Higher crime rate in most places is associated with alcoholism.

Risky sexual behaviors due to, poor judgment associated with alcoholism .Accidents in major roads ids due to alcoholism. Actually, it does more harm than good to the society than the individual does.

Impacts of Alcoholism on families

Although majority of alcoholics take alcohol to make them feel better, the fact is it has negative impact to the personality of the drinker. About 40% of domestic violence is associated with alcoholism. Marriage break up rendering the family to great suffering. Depreesion a health risk is still associated to alcoholism.

The Psychosocial harm of alcoholism

If it is used for a long time, it leads to addiction. Depression that leads to over drinking.Anxierty. Disorders .Thus the more they drink the more they risk psychological damage.

Smoking campaign in the future coursework assignment

Smoking campaign in the future

If you are smoking then your future is a risk. Smoking reduces the quality of your life and life expectancy. Study done shows that smoking is one of the leading causes of preventable diseases all over the world. Among the people who smoke chances of getting lung cancer is greatly increased compared to non-smokers.

Majority of the people who smoke are very interested in quitting smoking but this is the  most challenging thing and yet very beneficial. This is because coming up with a strategy that will be universal is quite a challenge. The smoking future campaigns are all over the globe. The aim is to ensure the information and services required by people smoking are readily available to those who want to quit smoking. Also free services are being offered tailored to a specific need.

  • Some of the plans that are underway include
  • Education on the ways to stay a non-smoker after you have stopped smoking
  • Sending self-help materials to those intending to quit smoking
  • Nicotine replacement therapy
  • How to manage risky situations brought by your smoking habits.

How to achieve the goal

  • Educate people about the best quitting strategy and methods through counseling and successful nicotine replacement therapy
  • Avoiding relapses
  • Developing applications to educate world at large about the need to help smokers quit the vice and prevent non-smokers from smoking.