Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence
Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligence is an approach that views intelligence in a multifaceted manner as opposed to the traditional perspective that looked at it in one way.
This theory proposes that intelligence manifests itself as the abilities to perform different cultural activities such as musical performances, charisma and eloquence in political campaigns as well as ability to athletic performances.
Intelligence has been described as the ability to answer questions correctly and performing very well academically or achieving high marks and grades(). This according to Gardner is very limiting as it only focuses on only one line of intelligence; that which is only measured by the use of IQ tests.
Gardner further says that intelligence was once believed to be inherited and was looked at singularly with no regard to other areas of human accomplishments. According to him there exists many intelligences all of which have their strengths and weaknesses. Most educational institutions still hold on to the traditional ways of ascertaining intellectual capacity when letting students go through different levels of education such as high school, graduate and post graduate levels.
He further demonstrates that at birth children can change and acquire new skills or perform be
In the heyday of the psychometric and behaviorist eras, it was generally believed that intelligence was a single entity that was inherited; and that human beings – initially a blank slate – could be trained to learn anything, provided that it was presented in an appropriate way.
Nowadays an increasing number of researchers believe precisely the opposite; that there exists a multitude of intelligences, quite independent of each other; that each intelligence has its own strengths and constraints; that the mind is far from unencumbered at birth; and that it is unexpectedly difficult to teach things that go against early ‘naive’ theories of that challenge the natural lines of force within an intelligence and its matching domains. (Gardner 1993: xxiii)