Hypertension in adults causes, stages and treatment guidelines

Hypertension in adults causes

Hypertension is associated with a wide-range of cardiovascular and end-organ diseases. It is a frequent finding among patients in primary care. However, the ideal management of hypertension continues to be debated.

Blood pressure is a very important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular and kidney disease and, when appropriate, clinicians should consider starting treatment in patients with hypertension, regardless of their overall cardiovascular risk.

It is recommended that home measurement of blood pressure should ideally be offered to all patients suspected of having hypertension to confirm a diagnosis. Hypertension is progressive and management will require multiple medicines to achieve blood pressure targets and reduce overall cardiovascular risk.

Hypertension is a risk factor for many conditions including stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, kidney disease and cognitive decline. It is described as a silent killer because it is insidious, chronic and progressive.

Luckily, there are cardiovascular risk assessment tools that may substantially underestimate the lifetime risk in younger adults when blood pressure is the only significant risk factor. This is because short-term risk assessment is powerfully influenced by age.

The presence of end organ damage is an important factor when making treatment decisions in patients when traditional risk scores do not indicate a high overall cardiovascular risk.

When it comes to spotting the existence of hypertension, regular blood tests are quite necessary in order to get either positive or negative results for hypertension. The earlier the blood tests are conducted, the better.