Quit India speech
Literature involves packaging of content in the most appealing manner to attract a reader’s attention. Many authors achieve aesthetics by employing various literary devices equally when someone delivers speeches he employs the use of pathos, ethos and logos so as to persuade their listeners towards a certain subject. The use of catchy devices in speech delivery attracts the audience to fully participate alongside the speaker. This essay will analyze ‘’Quit India’’ by Mahttma Gandhi. Analysis will be based on the speaker, occasion, audience purpose and subject.
Key words: India, Ahimsa
The speaker of QUIT INDIA was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born in 1869 and died in 1948. He is famously known as Mahatma meaning the great souled one for his selfless dedication towards fighting for freedom of India from the British rule. He studied law in London and went to work in South Africa for over twenty years trying to halt discrimination towards Indians. This speech was delivered at Bombay presently Mumbai on eight August 1942(Malaki2019). The speech was addressed to the A.I.C.C the All India Congress Committee a pivotal decision making organ of the Indian National Congress Party. By extension the speech was not limited to A.I.C.C; Gandhi purposed to use it to reach out to the wearing factions of Hindu and Muslim Indians. Majority of Gandhi’s followers comprised of both factions although numerous ideological philosophical and religious differences existed between them. Gandhi intended to use the speech to bring together Indian Muslims and Hindus into living in peaceful co-existence. To achieve this he urged the two opposing groups to think of themselves as Indians only in pursuit of a common goal of attaining independence. The immense use of Ahimsa points to Gandhi’s philosophical convictions and his respect to God.
The speech came in at a time when the A.I.C.C was on a verge to vote out the Quit India Movement. The speech was anchored at persuading the A.I.C.C to reconsider their earlier decision and support his movement. Gandhi understood the common problem that India was facing although he believed his approach provided the best solution towards India’s quest in attaining political freedom. Quit India begins with a confrontation of the contradicting approaches towards attaining Independence. He wanted everyone to change their mindset into looking at the prevalent situation as he did. He asserts that he wants everyone to understand two things clearly and consider them from his perspective (Malaki2019). Gandhi had analyzed the political strategy that informed the British rule and inferred it to other nations like Japan. In conclusion he had devised the Ahimsa approach which was new and less understood by many across the world. The Quit India speech was offering this unique idea to Indians unlike other common approaches that the A.I.C.C intended to embrace. In the end the speech was taken in and embraced by the A.I.C.C. this led to India obtaining independence on fifteenth August 1947.
The prevailing circumstances of the British colonial rule in India enlightened Gandhi in developing his philosophy of Ahimsa. His approach provoked global hatred from Britain and other Imperialist countries.
The essay analyzed Gandhi’s Quit India speech by contextualizing the salient elements in the speech and how they helped Gandhi to achieve his quest towards freeing India through his philosophy of Ahimsa.
Malaki,D.(2019)Mahatma Gandhi Quit India speech. Retrieved from