Watergate is a general term that is used to describe a complex web of political scandals that between 1972 and 1974. The Watergate scandal occurred in the United States as a result of the June 17th, 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee (DNC) headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and the Nixon administration attempted cover-up of its involvement.
When the conspiracy was discovered and investigated by the United States Congress, the Nixon administration’s resistance to its probes led to a constitutional crisis.
The term Watergate has come to encompass an array of clandestine and often illegal activities undertaken by members of the Nixon administration.
Those activities included such tricks as bugging the offices of political opponents and people of whom Nixon or his officials were suspicious. Nixon and his close aides ordered harassment of activist groups and political figures, using the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Internal Revenue Service.
The scandal led to the discovery of very many different cases of multiple abuses of power by Nixon’s administration, articles of impeachment and the resignation of Richard Nixon , the President of the United States, on August 9, 1974.
The only resignation of a U.S. President to date the scandal also led to the indictment, trial, conviction and incarceration of 43 people, dozens of whom were top administration officers in Nixon’s government.