THE “ARAB SPRING”
The “Arab Spring” was a wave of demonstrations and protests in the Arab world. The protests are compared to a spring due to their sudden eruption. It all began on 18 December 2010. The protests were met with violent responses from the government and the authorities which were indeed expected. The major slogan pushing the unending protests was “Ash-sha ‘b yurid isqat an-nizam” which meant that the people were determined to bring down the regime.
The major causes of the spring is believed to be dissatisfaction with the rule of the local government which ranged from dictatorship issues to political corruption, human rights violations as well as high levels of unemployment in the Arab world. Some of the country’s philosophers also named the 2009-2010 Iranian election protests as an additional reason leading to the Arab Spring.
The foundation of the major protests was laid by boycotts and strikes of workers in textile companies. The demonstrations were advocated for by the literate working class youth. Pages on Facebook were started to promote the progression of the protests.
In countries such as Tunisia, protests led to the overthrowing of the government where the president was forced to move to another country. In this case, he moved to Saudi Arabia. Other presidents of Arab countries also stepped down immediately after the end of their terms to avoid any conflicts.
Implications of the protests have drawn attention to these individual countries including suggestions that the protestors be nominated for the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize. Tawakel Karman was one of the three laureates of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize from Yemen.
These protests may have caused a lot of unrest in the Arab nations but in the end, there were changes made in the governments. The goal was achieved in the end.