Topic: Human rights and democracies in East Africa; Tanzania and Ethiopia

Description just use the two case studies, Tanzania and Ethiopia. That would provide sufficient amount of empirical material to develop an argument about democracy and Human rights. keep democracy as part of my focus so you will need to say something about what for you constitutes democracy and so you would need to identify the main criteria of democratic governance. This would raise the question whether Human Rights are a necessary part of democracy or whether democracy can function without any priority being given to individual human rights. You could, of course, then link it and concentrate on whether Human Rights are important for these African countries and whether they can be implemented there. You could then concentrate on developing an argument on what are the factors that facilitate the implementation of HR as against those that form the main obstacles. The latter could include a cultural issue, the weaknesses of governance, tribal conflict/war, etc.Essay question .

“Do Human rights have a place within democracies in African countries ? Exploring East African countries , Ethiopia and Tanzania.”

Human rights within Africa all boils down to power. Whoever in charge , does not want to feel threatened or challenged and thus does not pay mind to the rights violated. While focussing on one country at first , Tanzania , this essay will explore the history of human rights within the democracy in Tanzania and compare and contrast it with the current rights being respected in their democracy. Due to the title suggesting I will look at Africa as a whole I would then choose another country , in East Africa , Ethiopia , to explore and confirm whether or not human rights have a place in their democracy .

Having looked at two case studies , Tanzania and Ethiopia , it can then be concluded on whether or not human rights are respected and whether or not they are genuine.

I say genuine as some of these countries , Ethiopia , has leaders like their prime minister Abiy Ahmed that has been in constant praise and has gone to win the nobel peace prize for his efforts in ending war , however what people fail to notice is the lack of force which he has in ending the torture within detention centres and holding those accountable. Since the cracking down on these detention centres , which the human rights acknowledges as progress , security officials with high authority have however failed to be held accountable for their actions thus proving how power within Africa tops human rights violation.

Although respect for human right is one of the main elements of democracy, countries like Tanzania , which claim to be democratic have recently – taking away the right for pregnant women to study ?
Although, this goes completely against the individuals right to education , some individuals within the country see it as a way to stop girls from getting pregnant before marriage . This , however, does not tie back to any culture specifically , is it seen as a human rights violation ?
Its also interesting to note that the president is of Christian religion and does not fall into the medias description as “ barbaric religion enforcer” “sharia enforcer” etc.

Tanzanian president ordered for citizens to turn in their gay friends ? does this take away the legitimacy of whether or not the country is a democracy ?

A comparison could be made to a western country for e.g. America where Americans are known for having freedom of speech, and speak freely against their president , Tanzania , has a strict rule of not being allowed to talk against their president with several cases of individuals being kidnapped / arrested for speaking ill of/ opposing the president.

Due to looking at the 2 different countries, it is also important to acknowledge the cultural relativism which may be the reason as to why there is a difference in the basic “human rights”.

Helpful Reading: Africa : Democracy without human rights? By Akwasi Aidoo .

She was basically explaining how in countries in Africa , individuals expect the basic minimum from their politicians which is equality of opportunity for youth , jobs for those who work , and most of all security. ( cultural relativism explains how it differs from western countries)

An article from the Us department of state – explored how the democracy and human rights trend in Africa , is different in comparison to the “West”.

She spoke on how security systems in Africa, Kenya specifically, tend to protect whoever is in charge and there primary focus is NOT, local Civilians in the community . She related it to colonialism and how the Kenyan police was created by the Brits and since then have been told to protect whoever in charge (at the time, the brits) and never local communities. This explains the continued corruption within Kenya police forces and how crime in the local communities is so common.

Towards the end of the essay , a brief look into the west could be made and be related to how human rights are possibly becoming more attainable in Africa due to the western influence?

If relevant Include references from texts such as
: Democracy and rights – Beetham.
Citizenship and social class – T.H. Marshall.
The life and times of Liberal democracy AND democratic theory – C.B. Macpherson.

Type of service: Academic paper writing

Type of assignment: Writing from scratch

Subject: political science

Pages / words: 5 / 1400

Number of sources: 2

Academic level: Undergraduate

Paper format: APA

Line spacing: Double

Language style: US English

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