A literature review analyzes how current research supports the PICOT, as well as identifies what is known and what is not known in the evidence. Students will use the information from the earlier PICOT Statement Paper and Literature Evaluation Table assignments to develop a 750-1,000 word review that includes the following sections:
A comparison of research questions
A comparison of sample populations
A comparison of the limitations of the study
A conclusion section, incorporating recommendations for further research
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. Abstract is not required
Automatic Hand Sanitizer In all Residents Room
Studies indicate that most germ infections are caused by failure to wash hands. Carter (2016) mentions that healthcare providers and residents living in nursing homes wash their hands 50% less than usual. This factor results to health infections that affect 1 in every 25 residents in a nursing home. It has been estimated that that there exists over 1.4 million cases of hang hygiene related infections at one particular time. However, Hujala and Rissanen (2017) mention that that this statistic could be a gross underestimation as a result of inadequate surveillance. In nursing homes, patients are prone to blood stream infections, surgical site infection, respiratory as well as gastrointestinal infections. Often, health care professionals as well as the residents themselves are the conduit for the spread of these infections. Moreover, Liu, Liang, Wu and Chuang (2013) maintain that many patients in nursing homes are microbe carriers who do not exhibit any form of signs or symptoms. This factor elicits the need for hand sanitizers in every resident’s room. Does the presence of automatic hand sanitizers in every resident’s room affect the compliance of hand hygiene among the health care personnel and the residents in nursing homes?
Residents inn nursing homes have underlying problems and are thus prone to infections. Studies indicate that hand hygiene is among the most basic measures taken to avoid germ transmission. In critical patient care, particularly in nursing homes, adherence has been found to range between 20% and 50% (Liu, Liang, Wu & Chuang, 2013). Over the years, various programs have been initiated across different regions in the United states to improve hand hygiene in hospitals as well as outpatient medical centers. However, reports indicate that it has been challenging to maintain hand hygiene adherence among patients and health care staff.
Typically, most nursing homes have sinks with soap and water as well as alcohol-based hand sanitizers in almost all hall ways (Hujala & Rissanen, 2017). Nonetheless, the reality is that we lack of a culture that encourages hand hygiene. In this regard, introducing automatic hand sanitizers in every resident’s room in the nursing home will serve as a constant reminder to maintain hand hygiene. By strategically placing the automatic hand sanitizers in each resident’s room, hand washing becomes more convenient and easily accessible. Ideally, inaccessible locations of hand sanitizers, particularly in nursing homes affect proper hygiene among the residents. This factor is because most of the residents tend to be forgetful.
Carter (2016) maintains that installation of automatic hand sanitizers in every resident’s room is among the most effective evidence-based interventions. These devices not only reduce cases of infections but also cultivate a culture of hand hygiene. Moreover, the convenience increases the chances of hand hygiene adherence among nurses who are responsible for patient care in these settings. While instilling a culture that observes hand hygiene may take a long period, installing automatic hand sanitizers in every room reaches out to residents from an individual level (Liu, Liang, Wu & Chuang, 2013). Consequently, it results to a change in behavioral patterns. In this regard, residents and healthcare staff become more accustomed to the idea of hand hygiene.