Topic Yard Products Company

Below is an income statement for the most recently ended year for the Yard Products Company and its two divisions:

                                                                        Shovel                 Hoe               Co. Total

Sales………………………………………  $900,000           $600,000         $1,500,000

Variable Costs……………………………   (500,000)           (350,000)            (850,000)

Contribution Margin……………………..        400,000           250,000              650,000

Segment Fixed Costs…………………….    (250,000)           (100,000)            (350,000)

Corporate Fixed Costs……………………   (120,000)           ( 80,000)             (200,000)

Net Income……………………………….       30,000             70,000                100,000

Segment average assets…………………..      $500,000         $400,000            $900,000

Corporate average assets…………………        300,000           200,000              500,000

            Total average assets………………        800,000           600,000            1,400,000

The president of the company has severely criticized the manager of the Shovel Division for its dismal 3.8% ROI, “which doesn’t come close to the firm’s 12% cost of capital.”  The manager of Hoe Division also was criticized for an 11.7% ROI, “which is slightly less than the cost of capital.”  Corporate fixed costs and assets are allocated to each division on the basis of sales.


  1. Show the calculations that the president used as the basis for the criticism.
  2. For each division and for the company as a whole, using appropriate data, calculate the following:
    1. Return on Sales
    2. Investment Turnover
    3. ROI
  3. Calculate residual income for each division.
  4. In view of your answers to parts (b) and (c), is the president’s criticism justified?
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Topic: The Abundance of God


submit a 575-word essay addressing the following questions: Why do we have a responsibility to pay taxes? Why is it so important that we be generous with our money instead of selfish? What did Larry Burkett mean when he said, “God does not supply money to satisfy our every whim and desire? His promise is to meet our needs and provide an abundance so that we can help other people” Incorporate the Holy Bible verse.

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Topic: determinants of liquidity and financial performance in eu banks

Draft required3 pages + well-structured + cited referencesDescription

this research should be done for the period of 1998 to 2019
hypothesis questions: 1) the impact of liquidity on bank performance due to the regions of uncertainty avoidance and individualism.
2) how these banks (Greece, Denmark, Sweden, Portugal ) were impacted due to the financial crisis?

Type of service-Dissertation services
Type of assignment-Dissertation
Pages / words-11 / 6000
Number of sources-30
Academic level-Bachelor’s
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Topic: Audit Report on State Gas Australia


You will have to write an audit report on State Gas Australia in connection to the case study

Type of service-Academic paper writing
Type of assignment-Research Paper
Pages / words-6 / 1650
Number of sources-4
Academic level-Master’s
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Topic: Dividends & Insolvency Trading

Practice Question 1

You have been appointed as the accountant for a small proprietary limited company ‘Midnight Soil Pty Ltd’ (The Soils). The ‘Soils’ conducts tests to see if soil is contaminated and whether (or not) that land can be used for approved purposes (or not). The Soils has five directors. They have all agreed that at their next board meeting they would discuss paying a dividend of 22 cents per share. However, you have identified there is a potential cash flow issue due to the company’s recent loss of a major contract. You have assessed that the company is able to cover this revenue loss in the short term because it has a positive net asset position carried over from the previous financial year. Your further opinion is that cash flow problems will arise during the next quarter and you have put this in writing to the Soils Board.

Based on your advice, two directors call you before the next board meeting to ask if there is anything that can stop the proposed dividend if three of the five directors vote in favourof paying the dividend now.

Advise the two directors. Use relevant cases and legislation to support your answer.

Practice Question 2

The directors of Happy Trails are keen to purchase a block of land. Rajiv is one of the directors of Happy Trails, the company which has had two years of poor trading and is now unable to pay its debts when they fall due. Rajiv seeks your advice on the options available in the circumstances. He is concerned the company may be insolvent but is hopeful that ‘the business could be profitable again if creditors allow a little time to make some changes.’

A. Explain the options available to Rajiv’s company if the directors are concerned the company may be at risk of insolvent trading.

B. What sort of risk could Rajiv face if he borrows more money to help the company but then can’t pay it back? Your answers must refer the relevant sections of the Corporations Act 2001 (Cth) and case law.

Total 2000 words – 1000 words each

No Introduction, No Conclusion

Question 1 – Chapter 20 – Accounts, Auditors and Dividends

Question 2 – Chapter 22 – External Administration and Insolvency

References – 4 each question (Total 8)

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Type of assignment-Essay
Pages / words-8 / 2000
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Topic: FASB Codification Research; inventory or property, plant and equipment


Communication Case 3-3 : FASB Codification Research; inventory or property, plant and equipment

The Red Hen Company produces, processes, and sells fresh eggs. The company is in the process of preparing financial statements at the end of its first year of operations and has asked for your help in determining the appropriate treatment of the cost of its egg-laying flock. The estimated life of a laying hen is approximately two years, after which they are sold to soup companies.
The controller considers the company’s operating cycle to be two years and wants to present the cost of the egg-producing flock as inventory in the current asset section of the balance sheet. He feels that the hens are “goods awaiting sale.” The chief financial officer does not agree with this treatment. He thinks that the cost of the flock should be classified as property, plant, and equipment because the hens are used in the production of product-the eggs.
The focus of this case is the balance sheet presentation of the cost of the egg-producing flock. Your mission is to reach consensus on the appropriate presentation.

Each thread must be at least 500 words and demonstrate course-related knowledge. You must support your assertions with at least 3 citations other than the textbooks; the Bible must be 1 of those sources.

Type of service-Academic paper writing
Type of assignment-Case study
Pages / words-2 / 550
Number of sources-3
Academic level-Undergraduate
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Topic: Management Accounting Q& A paper

Question 1
Risk management is not in a silo any more but is a, ‘holistic, co-ordinated and
integrated process which manages risk throughout the organisation’ (CIMA, 2008)
Discuss the requirements for an effective risk management framework and critically
evaluate the use of Enterprise Risk Management within organisations.
[50 marks]
[Maximum 1000 words]
Question 2
Pick Ltd is a medium sized dairy farmer specialising in providing local organic produce
in the East Midlands. It is proud of its premium quality dairy food, produced organically
at its farms and processed and packaged on site, delivered as fresh as possible to its
local customers.
The Senior Management Accountant has introduced Activity Based
Costing/Management (ABC/M) within the company and is now using this to evaluate
customer profitability. Information for its two largest customers are detailed below.
Customer X
Customer X has recently developed links with local farmers so that stores can offer
locally produced goods; it has found that demand for locally produced dairy foods
such as milk and yoghurts is significant and growing.
Last year, the annual revenue from the Customer X account was £625,000, with an
operating profit contribution of £250,000.
Customer X took 30 deliveries last year with average mileage being 25 miles per
delivery. The company placed 7 orders in the year, within this figure there was 1 priority
order. A sales person visits Customer X’s HQ three times per year to manage the
relationship and introduce new product developments. Customer X requires an invoice
every quarter.
Customer Y
Customer Y stores are smaller than Customer X stores and are usually located within
local shopping areas. Customer Y markets itself as a supplier of local goods and this
account has been long established with Pick’s. Last year, the annual revenue was
£750,000, with an operating profit contribution of £350,000.
Last year 85 deliveries were made with an average mileage of 90 miles per delivery. A
sales person visits Customer Y‘s HQ every month to finalise the order for that month.
In addition to the monthly orders Customer Y averages 1 priority order per month.
Customer Y requires an invoice per month.
The ABC/M database includes the following customer related cost drivers and rates.
Activity Cost
Order taking £50 per order
Order processing £95 per order
Delivery £250 per trip and £2.50 per mile
Additional cost of priority orders
(Order taking, processing and delivery)
£800 per order
Visit to customer £700 per visit
Invoicing £45 per invoice
Critically evaluate the benefits and potential challenges of customer profitability
analysis, and prepare a customer profitability analysis for customers X and Y before
drawing on your calculations to provide a commentary for Pick’s management
including any specific recommendations for action.
[50 marks]
[Maximum 650 words. Calculations are not part of the word count]

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Type of assignment-Term Paper
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Academic level-Undergraduate
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Topic: financial statement McCrea plc UK


McCrea plc is a UK manufacturer of garden furniture. The company has provided the following financial statements:

Statement of Financial Position as at 31 December 2019:

Non-current assets 
Plant and equipment850
Current assets 
Trade receivables1,230
Current liabilities 
Trade payables850
Bank overdraft125
Interest payable30
Non-current liabilities and equity 
Long term loans700
£1 ordinary shares750

Income Statement for the year ended 31 December 2019:

Sales revenue12,100
Cost of goods sold(9,590)
Gross profit2,510
Operating expenses(1,935)
Operating profit575
Interest expense(50)
Net profit before tax525
Net profit for the year410


(a)Calculate the following ratios for McCrea plc in 2019.

  • Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)
  • Operating profit margin
  • Inventories’ turnover period
  • Settlement period for trade receivables
  • Current ratio
  • Acid test ratio
  • Gearing ratio
  • Interest cover ratio
  • Earnings Per Share (EPS)

All calculations (including the ratio formulas) must be clearly shown.

   (9 marks)

(b)The ratios set out in the table below are those calculated for McCrea plc based on its published financial statements for the previous year (2018)

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)15.01%
Operating profit margin4.9%
Inventories turnover period19 days
Settlement period for trade receivables41 days
Current ratio1.63
Acid test ratio1.35
Gearing ratio37.44%
Interest cover ratio8.7 times
Earnings Per Share (EPS)22.8p

Using the ratios you calculated (in part a) for McCrea plc in 2019 and the above ratios for 2018, comment on the company’s performance and financial position for the two years.

(24 marks)

(Total: 33 marks)

(maximum 200 words in total.  Tables, calculations, annotations for worked answers do not count in the word limit)

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Topic: Auditing and Assurance report assignment



CurtainsMaster is a large proprietary company established in North Queensland in the 1990s, selling a wide range of high-quality fabric curtains for household decoration. The company purchases products from manufactures in Vietnam, Bangladesh, and China, and then sells its products to wholesales customers in Australia, Germany, and the United States. The company also places its products on consignment in various small retail stores in Queensland. Sales mainly peak from the second half of the financial year, generating an average of 60% of revenue for the whole year. In past years the company has performed well, with its profit rate at around 12% and an average increase in annual revenues of 5%.

In the last two years, the company has extended its marketing from Germany to other countries in Europe. As a result of this, in the budget for the year 2019-2020, the company while aiming to maintain its profit rate, plans to increase its revenues by 8%. The company uses USD to pay its suppliers and EUR or USD in its dealings with customers.  

While the business is expanding in Europe, sales in Australia and US are struggling to reach their targets. These markets are quite competitive, providing more affordable products with a large range of designs and choices. Further, in recent years, countries like Vietnam and China have become more eco-conscious, attempting to reduce their industrial impact on the environment. As such, textile manufacturing has been discouraged with strict regulations. Some of CurtainsMaster’s suppliers have reduced their production capacity and have experienced an increase in production costs. 

Managing inventory on consignment has been an issue for CurtainsMaster in the past 12 months. On several occasions, the company lost track of their inventory movements and status at the various retail premises. To support the business expansion and strengthen internal controls for inventory, in January 2020 the company installed a new inventory management system on the cloud, which allows inventory movements to be followed up, from production to end-users. The system will also help to follow up and calculate inventory ageing from the day the inventory was entered into the system. In the past five years, old and work-in-progress inventory has piled up due to new designs, orders cancelled by customers, or specification problems. When the new system was implemented these stock items, together with others, were entered into the system as the beginning balance for the inventory. 

Since January 2020, CurtainsMaster has also experienced significant impact due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Approximately 50% of customer orders due to be delivered in May, June and July have been cancelled. Payments from customers have been delayed as they have also been impacted by the situation. Since the middle of February the company’s sales at small retail stores have decreased dramatically, by approximately 70%. From the middle of March, 60% of staff (both casual and full-time) were made redundant. For the last three months of the current financial year, the company is expecting to have no sales but still pay another 10% of the current total expenses. To minimise the impact of a tight cashflow, in February, when the financial market was peak, the company sold all its financial investments and generated some extra cash for the business before the market dived in March. However, things can get worse; there is much uncertainty and no clear indication of when the pandemic will end.

Financial Information:


Assume you are one of the audit team members who will conduct the financial report audit – year ending 30 June 2020 – for CurtainsMaster. Using the company’s information given above, prepare a report dated June 10, 2020 for the audit manager outlining the audit plan. As it is the beginning of the audit do not prepare a final audit report/opinion. The report should cover the following areas under the suggested headings:

  1. Risk Assessment

From the background and financial information given above:

  • list six (6) potential significant risks, including both inherent risk and control risk,
  • for each risk listed, identify the type of risk (inherent risk or control risk) and its level (‘high’, ‘medium’, or ‘low’ in relation to the likelihood and materiality of the risk occurring), the associated financial accounts, and key assertions that would be affected. (A risk should be classified as ‘high’, ‘medium’, or ‘low’ if it is ‘highly likely’, ‘maybe’, or ‘unlikely’ respectively to be present and material.)

Please use the following table to present your answers:

Potential risk – type of risk, descriptionAccountsAssertionsLevel of risk
  • Planning Materiality

The audit firm dictates that one planning materiality amount is to be used for the financial statement as a whole. The planning materiality bases are as follows:

BaseThreshold (%)
Profit before tax5-10
Gross profit2.0-5
Total assets0.5-1

Based on the information given and your risk assessment,

  • select the base for planning materiality that you believe is most appropriate, and provide three reasons justifying the base you have chosen,
  • calculate the planning materiality.

 (You can refer to Cloud 9 case and textbook pages 123-125 and other resources for further understanding.)

  1. Analytical Procedures

As part of the risk assessment phase, you conducted analytical procedures and the results are as below:

Total revenue100%100%100%100%
Salaries expenses28%15%14%13%
Administration expenses14%8%7%6%
Selling expenses8%5%4%4%
Borrowing Costs5%2%2%2%
Liquidity ratios    
Current ratio                  1.4                   –                    2.0                  2.3
Quick ratio                  0.3                   –                    0.9                  1.0
Inventory turnover                  1.3                   –                    4.3                  4.9
Accounts receivable                  2.6                   6.5                  6.8
Solvency ratios    
Debt to equity                  1.4                   –                    0.9                  0.8
Times interest earned-1.0                 7.0                  6.1                  6.2
Profitability ratios    
Gross profit ratio0.3620.460.440.42
Net profit ratio-0.102               0.12                0.12                0.13
ROA-0.054                 0.12                0.13
Return on Sh funds-0.116                 0.23                0.23

Using the above analysis and financial information given, discuss the results of the analytical procedures outlining six (6) potential problem areas (that is, where possible material misstatements in the financial reports exist) and any other special concerns (for example, going concern). Specify the account balances and related assertions that would require particular attention in the audit.

  1. Conclusion

Based on the risk assessment processes and analytical procedures undertaken in the previous sections, conclude the overall level of risk, materiality of the firm and recommend the areas of audit focus.

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Topic: Budget Report researchpaper

Assessment 3: Budget Report Requirements
Part A – Budget Report Spreadsheet (36 + 36 = 72 marks):
Your manager would like you to examine and assess the financial viability of one of the proposed
projects. Specifically, your manager would like you and your team to complete the ‘Budgeted Income
Statement’ and the ‘Cash Budget’ for the project your team has selected and for the period between
January 2021 to December 2021 inclusive.
For this part of the assessment, you need to complete the Cash Budget and Budgeted Income
Statement. All the ‘other’ budgets will not be marked and have only been included to help you carry
out any calculations you might need to fill out the Cash Budget and Budgeted Income Statement.
Your manager would like you to use the ‘usual’ Excel spreadsheet budgeting template, which can be
found online via Cloud Deakin. Simply navigate to Resources -> Assessments -> Assessment 3 – Budget
Report -> “MAA103 Budgeting Assignment.xlsx”.
Page 6 of 8
Part B – Written Letter of Advice (18 marks):
In addition to the budget report spreadsheet, your manager would like your team to provide a letter
of advice to the client (max. 1000 words).
In the letter, your manager has asked you to clearly outline which project you chose to analyse,
highlight the key results from your analysis surrounding the budgeted income statement and cash
budget. In your discussion, your manager would like you to make a suggestion on how the clients
could improve the financial success of the project.
Additionally, your manager would like your team to identify and discuss TWO non-financial issues
that the clients should consider when deciding about the project. In your discussion, clearly explain
to the clients how these issues might impact positively/negatively on the ultimate decision.
Lastly, your letter should clearly indicate your recommendation as to whether the client should
proceed with the chosen project

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Academic level-Freshman (College 1st year)
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