How to write a Lab Report for Microbiology

How to write a Lab Report for Microbiology

As part of the assessments portion of your lab grade, you will be required to write 2 lab reports: one covering the Gram Stain experiment in lab 5 (due lab 6) and one covering the Antibiotic Agents, part 1experiment (AMA 1) in lab 7 (due lab 9).  Following, you will find the requirements for the lab reports.  Part of your grade will rely on your ability to follow the written directions on this page for BOTH lab reports.

Title:  This needs to be detailed enough that anyone reading it would know what the paper is about.  “Lab Report” or “Exercise 5.24” is not enough, but “Determining Bacterial Motility Using Motility Agar” would be.  DO NOT make a title page! The title needs to be centered on the top of the first page of the report, and should be bold in 20 font.  Don’t put a period at the end or make the title in the form of a question.

Author:  This is your name.  It needs to be in normal font (no bigger than 12) and include the day and time of your lab section.  It should be centered directly beneath the title.

You do not need to write an abstract.  If you are unsure as to what an abstract is, don’t worry, since you don’t have to write one!

Introduction:This is the beginning of the paper and should be left-side justified in normal font.  In this section, you will need to include 3 important things.  First, you need to give background about the experiment.  This information can come from the lab section in the manual, from notes in lecture, or from other outside sources.  You MUST cite anywhere that you obtain outside info from using the (author, year published) or (author, website) format.  This background info is where you show me that you understand why we did the experiment and what the experiment shows us about bacteria.  You also need to include the basics of the experiment—not the specific steps taken, but general basics (for example, if I was writing a report on the Macroscopic motility experiment, I might say something like: Using special agar containing TTC, the bacteria were tested to see if they are motile or not.  If they are motile, there will be red radiating out from the stab line.  If there is no motility, the red color will remain right on the stab line.)  The last thing needed in the intro is a prediction about what you think the results will be or what observations you expect to make at the conclusion of the experiment.  Must be in 3rd person and past tense.

Methods/Materials:  Start this section with a header that is on the left margin and reads “Methods/Materials” and is bold font in regular size.  Under that header, start the section by listing all the materials (including the bacteria—use the full name of the organisms used, and make sure to italicize the names) used for the experiment.  Then, in paragraph form, describe all of the steps that you and your lab partner performed.  Do not include any results or conclusions in this section.  This should only include what was done.  Must be in 3rd person and past tense.

Results:  As with the methods and materials section, you need to start this section with a header that reads “results”.  In this section you will describe what you saw (color, shape, whatever it is that you are looking for).  You can do this using sentences, graphs, and/or data table (or any combination of these).  Refrain from telling what the results mean—that belongs only in the next section.  The hand-written data tables from lab are not acceptable—you need to embed a typed version.  Any data tables need to have a title. Must be in 3rd person and past tense.

Conclusion/Discussion:  Start this section with a header (like the methods/materials section, and results sections).  This is your “closing argument”—where you tell what the results mean and use the knowledge you obtained and the results to back up your conclusion.  This is also where you say whether or not your prediction was supported by your results.  This is where the most points will be either earned or lost, so put your best effort into this section.  Must be in 3rd person and past tense.

References cited in the introduction and/or methods section MUST be included in a works cited page that follows the paper.

same day essays

Topic: Summary of research interests and intended research topics

My research experience reaffirms me the significance of energy storage devices to society, strengthening my resolve to develop rechargeable batteries. I am interested in exploring them comprehensively in my doctoral study. New generations of computing and numerous technological systems, aided by the worldwide presence of the internet infrastructure are placing rechargeable batteries as necessities in the society. The increasing demand for energy storage batteries requires the development of rechargeable batteries.
Rechargeable non-aqueous Li-O2 batteries are regarded as promising alternatives to traditional Li-ion batteries due to their ultrahigh theoretical energy density of 3,500 Wh kg-1, which is about 10-fold higher than that of Li-ion batteries. The key issues for Li-O2 batteries are the high charge voltage and the corrosion of Li anode. The high charge voltage is relevant to the O2 evolution reaction (OER) process, where bulky and insulating Li2O2 particles are decomposed. A general method to tackle it is employing the soluble redox mediator (RM) to facilitate the decomposition of Li2O2 particles. In my previous work, I have developed a new bi-functional redox mediator to accelerate the kinetics of ORR and OER, greatly improving the rate performance of Li-O2 batteries. However, the Li-O2 batteries with this RM did not exhibit excellent cycling performance. This is because micron-sized Li2O2 particles formed during ORR process are found to be difficult to decompose during OER process. Thus, although the anion of the RM is of benefit for the oxidation of bulky Li2O2, the charging over-potentials are not effectively decreased. As the cycle proceeds, the over-potentials needed for OER process increases, leading to more side reactions and early fade of Li-O2 batteries. It is necessary for me to replace the anion of this RM with a more effective one to lower the activation energy process, promote the electrochemical decomposition of Li2O2, and reduce the OER over-potentials. Besides, the RM+ could chemically oxidize the Li anode, which would result in the corrosion of the Li anode. Therefore, it is also a critical factor on long-term cycles to protect Li anode. Building a stable protection layer is a delicate strategy to protect Li anode. The combination of RM and protection layer could work synergistically to reduce the over-potentials and side reactions, achieving great cycling performance. Prof. Grey’s specialization in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) could be of great help for me to investigate the electrochemistry inside the cells as ssNMR is sensitive to the electrochemical products formed during cycling, such as LiOH and Li2CO3. The formation of insoluble LiOH and Li2CO3 on the Li anode result from side reactions in the Li-O2 batteries. With the clear signatures for these products, I could gain valuable information that assist me to better design RM and protection layer. In conclusion, I intend to open up a path to promote the cycling performance of Li-O2 batteries using ssNMR.

Topic: Prebiotics in soy yoghurt

Description

Hi, I have to write a research paper it is a self-study and paper writing assignment in which I have to extent my knowledge of physiological and nutritional aspects of functional food products and place this in the light of safety and health aspects during both manufacturing and consumption of the food. I will upload the description of the assignment please focus on the deliverbales and the assessment rubric, put all the points the teacher wants in the report and make it all merit according to the assessment rubric.

Some important points:

1. Composition of the product and digestion physiology of the functional component.
2. Product (microbial) safety, packaging, and shelf life.
3. Use of minimal processing techniques and product safety.
4. The health benefit of your functionalized product.
5. Sustainability aspects of the product.

Discuss in your paper how minimal processing could be used (or is used) for the manufacturing of your product to achieve the desired properties:
· What is the relation between the use of a minimal processing techniques, shelf life, and safety for the consumer?
· What is the relation with microbial safety, and
how does it affect flavour and nutritional quality of your functional food product?

Topic: Synthesis of Strontium Iodate Monolydrat

Description

To explain the difference between Method and Procedure, say you were going to cook some eggs for dinner. The METHOD you would use might be: Cook the eggs in boiling water for 10 minutes in a pot on the stove. The boiling water cooks the eggs by denaturing the proteins in the egg, causing them to become solid and opaque.

The PROCEDURE would be: Obtain a large cooking pot and fill with 2 liters of water. Place on the stove and heat on high until the water reaches 100C and is boiling. Add 4 eggs to the water and stir until the water returns to boiling. Boil for 10 minutes. Place a colander in the sink and pour the egg/water mixture into the colander to separate the water from the eggs. Pour cold water over the eggs to cool them. Peel the eggs and place them in a bowl to serve.

I want you to write the METHOD for the experiment, not the PROCEDURE. Be sure to state what is occurring chemically at each step.
Also they are in this experiment I used vacuum filtration Don’t write about gravity filtration.