Topic: Victim Advocacy


please use in text citation and put references

Assignment Content

Imagine you are training new case managers on the role of victim advocate and you need to include a section in your training guide.

Write a 350- to 700-word section for the training guide on the role of the victim advocate in which you:

Identify the certification process to become a victim advocate in the state in which you live or in a state with which you are familiar.
Describe the function of a victim advocate in a criminal matter involving an adult victim.
Contrast the function of a victim advocate in a criminal matter involving an adult victim vs a criminal matter involving a minor victim.
Explain how the role of a victim advocate differs from the role of a member of the victim services agency associated with the prosecutor’s office (federal U.S. attorney, state attorneys general offices, or local offices for district attorneys).
Explain the role of the victim advocate in restorative justice.

Format your assignment according to APA guidelines.

Submit your assignment.


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Topic: Article reaction coursework assignment.

Step One:

Review the cited source material. Consider whether the analysis or opinion expressed in the source material is sound and persuasive. Is it based on an accurate understanding of the facts? Post a short statement with your reaction to the source material.

Please read this article: (Links to an external site.)


“Over the course of a decade, many gigs and side hustles have grown. While gig work is beneficial in its freedom and creates more opportunity, many people with gigs struggle to make ends meet. Most of these gig workers find themselves financially stuck while working on their “gig life”.  

Workers that work on side gigs, such as driving for Uber, often lack basic employee benefits. A few of them being:

  • Absence of health insurance,
  • Zero workers compensation protections,
  • Lack of employer contributions to Social Security and payroll taxes,
  • No paid time off or family leaves
  • Non Existence of protection against discrimination
  • The dearth of unemployment insurance benefits.

Having a side gig may also require capital to start with, putting some people in debt from the onset. While the individuals who can afford the up-front investments to begin a gig end up witnessing success, a majority of the gig workers are those who struggle to even accommodate an efficient Smartphone and Wi-fi Service. This creates a sense of desperation, resulting in the workers picking what they have been offered rather than allowing them the freedom to choose their work. Certain side gigs are also known to put people in unknown and dangerous positions, unlike a job with protections from their employer. 

On the corporate side, companies are more inclined to hire gig workers instead of employees under the guise of “Independent Contractors” because it would mean cheaper labour and lesser liability. However, in rare cases, some companies like ‘Hello Alfred’ and ‘MyClean’, have started hiring employees rather than gig workers because they see that a strong Worker-Consumer relationship benefits the company in the long run.

The gig economy has had a tremendous impact on the relationship between workers and businesses in the US, which has led to higher economic insecurity and worker vulnerability. Although this ‘sharing of the economy’ seems harmless, sociologists like Ravenelle argue, “The disruption offered by sharing the economy is simply a hustle.”

Step Two:

Write a post for the following question.

Are the actions of businesses to employ gig workers having a negative impact on middle class workers and driving economic inequality in the U.S. and other countries?  If so, what remedies should be considered?

You may cite outside sources or from the textbook “The Legal Environment of Business by Cross and Miller 11th edition.”

Type of service-Academic paper writing
Type of assignment-Coursework
Pages / words-1 / 275
Number of sources-1
Academic level-Junior (College 3rd year)
Paper format-APA
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Language style-US English

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Topic: International Corporate Governance Law

Write the following research essay:

Identify a major recent case of corporate misconduct (in the UK or US) characterised by relevant corporate governance failures. Critically analyse the scandal examining the reasons behind its occurrence, the corporate and governmental responses, the most relevant legal issues posed. Finally, propose corporate governance solutions to avoid a similar corporate misconduct to happen again.
In writing the essay the rules below should be followed:
– A single major corporate governance scandal has to be identified, which happened in the UK or US from 2010 onwards. The scandal may have an international significance.
– Minimise the description of the case and keep it brief, focusing on the aspects from which the most relevant legal issues arise.
– Do not spend words illustrating the general legal framework or general corporate governance principles, only focus on the corporate governance aspects that are specifically related to the case.
– Use OSCOLA as reference system unless differently discusses with and approved by the module leader.
– Include a final bibliography.

This assignment is designed to assess learning outcomes:
• Demonstrate a critical understanding of the nature of corporations and the way they are governed.
• Critically analyse and evaluate the principal current corporate governance debates.
• Critically evaluate the commercial, economic and political drivers for corporate/managerial accountability and therefore governance.
• Manipulate the various corporate law theories and demonstrate a sound knowledge of the various laws and Codes in this context.
Criteria for Assessment
The marking criteria that will be applied will be the following ones:
– Readability (quality of the language used, clearness and understability);
– Organisation (structure of the essay, order of descriptive and evidential material, coherence and fluency of the work);
– Content and Knowledge (coverance and understanding of the issues at stake; reflecting on the past and its interpretation; consideration of available evidence; identification and analysis of all the most relevant legal issues; adoption of an original approach or ideas; inclusion of recommendantions and solutions);
– Research (range of research; quality of the scientific sources used and of the data and information gathered; way in which references are included).

Type of service-Academic paper writing
Type of assignment-Coursework
Pages / words-14 / 3836
Academic level-Master’s
Paper format-OSCOLA
Line spacing-Double
Language style-UK English

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Topic: Any U.S. serial killer’s victims


Your paper is to based on a serial killer in the United States. Your research must concentrate on the killer’s victims. You will need to use your text book as a guide to help write your paper on the topics that address the victims they picked and why.

Type of service-Academic paper writing
Type of assignment-Research Paper
Pages / words-12 / 3300
Number of sources-3
Academic level-Sophomore (College 2nd year)
Paper format-APA
Line spacing-Double
Language style-US English

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Topic: Ted Talk- We Are All Criminals


Please watch the following TedTalk video by Emily Baxter (We Are All Criminals).
After you watch it, please respond to the following questions and submit it to the dropbox.
1) What did you think of this TedTalk? Do you agree/disagree? Anything resonate? Please respond in a well developed paragraph. (2 points)
2) Assuming we are all criminals, what do you think, if anything, could/should/must change in how the CJS systems responds? Your response should be at at least 4 sentences long. If you use additional resources, please be sure to cite them in your response. (5 points)
3. What are two additional takeaway you got from this video? (3 points)

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Type of assignment-Essay
Pages / words-1 / 275
Academic level-Junior (College 3rd year)
Paper format-MLA
Line spacing-Double
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Topic: Company Law – Piercing Corporate Veil


What are theories(purpose of the norms and subjective theory) and possible grounds(undercapitalisation, intermingling capital…) for piercing corporate veil in terms of German doctrine.

Type of service-Academic paper writing
Type of assignment-Essay
Pages / words-2 / 1000
Number of sources-10
Academic level-Master’s
Paper format-OSCOLA
Line spacing-Single
Language style-UK English

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Topic: Securities and Market regulations

Example questions: to be answered two out of 4
Example one:
Discuss how trading venues are structured and critically analyse the main aims behind their
Transparency is often used as a regulatory tool to protect investors and to reduce information
asymmetries. Critically discuss its effectiveness.
The rationale behind regulating banking capital relies on the assumption that the holding of “more
capital” makes the institution better able to absorb shocks. Yet the actual regulation may be based
on false myths and wrong assumptions. Critically discuss.
“Capital markets union: where to, where from?” Critically discuss.
Example two:
Question 1
Compare and contrast the rationale behind securities, banking and insurance regulation.
Question 2
The Market in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID) is at the core of the European legislation on
investment intermediaries and services. Provide an overview of its main provisions related to
market venues and to conduct of business rules and critically discuss relevant strengths and
Question 3
The holding of regulatory capital in banks has historically been considered as a necessary cushion
to insulate those firms from unexpected risks. The Global Financial Crisis has exposed however
how the required level of capital was insuffient to achieve that aim. This has led current EU
regulators to ask for more and better quality capital in the form of equity, as well as liquidity and
leverage ratios. However, doubts remain over the efficacy of the current EU legal framework on
capital requirements as well as on the main tenets upon which it is based.
Critically discuss.
Question 4
Describe the main pieces of legislation that form part of the Capital Markets Union (CMU) and
discuss why the CMU may not be as successful as envisaged.
Class 1
Structure of financial markets: types players, instruments and activities:
Compulsory readings
M Siems, The foundations of securities law, at European Business Law Review, 20, 2009
P Lucantoni, Trading equity financial instruments under MiFID II and MiFIR, at Journal of
International Banking Law and regulation, 2016
Valdez and Molyneux, An introduction to global financial markets, ch 1, 5, 7and 9, seventh ed.
Iris Chiu, Regulating Credit Rating Agencies in the EU: In Search of a Coherent Regulatory
Regime, [2014] EBLR
Suggested readings
N Moloney, EU financial market regulation after the global financial crisis: “more europe” or more
risks?,at Common Market Law Review, 47, 2010
A Miglionico, The impact of FinTech on securities and secured transactions: what is new in the
financial industry?, At Journal of International Banking Law and Regulation 2016
Jan Jaap Hazenberg & Edwin Terink (2016) Effectiveness ofindependent boards of UCITS funds,
The European Journal of Finance, 22:10, 854-886,
Class 2
Regulatory Rationale and supervisory structure in Europe, UK and international (part 1)
Compulsory readings
Veerle Colaert, European Banking, Insurance and Investment Services Law: Cutting Through
Sectoral Lines? available here fm?abstract_id=2681143
And here Common Market Law Review 52: 1579–1616, 2015
Alessio M. Pacces, Financial intermediation in the securities markets
law and economics of conduct of business regulation, International Review of Law and Economics
20 (2000) 479–510
Eilis Ferran, Understanding the New Institutional
Architecture of EU Financial Market Supervision, ch 5 of Financial Regulation and Supervision: A
post crisis Analysis by Eddy Wymeersch, Klaus J. Hopt, and Guido Ferrarini
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2015
Carmine Di Noia and Matteo Gargantini, Unleashing the European Securities and Markets
Authority: governance and accountability after the ECJ decision on the Short Selling Regulation
(Case C-270/12), at European Business Organization Law Review, 2014
Elizabeth Howell, EU Agencification and the Rise of Esma: are its Governance Arrangements fit for
Purpose?, The Cambridge Law Journal, 78 [2019], pp 324–354
NATHAN DE ARRIBA-SELLIER, The Brexit Reform of European Financial Supervision: Lost in
[2019] EBLR, 695-719
Seggested readings
IOSCO, objectives and principles of securities regulation available here
ary/pubdocs/pdf/IOSCOP D323.pdf
Rawlings, Georgosouli, Russo, Regulation of financial services: aims and methods
Pamela Lintner, De/centralized Decision Making Under the European Resolution Framework: Does
Meroni Hamperthe Creation of a European Resolution Authority?, at Eur Bus Org Law Rev (2017)
1027–1058, 2017
Insurance regulation in OECD countries, ch 1 only available Here (accessible via QMUL eresources) http://www.oecd- investment/insurance- regulationliberalisation-and- financial-convergence_9789264193178 -en
Joe McMahon and Niamh Moloney, Financial market regulation in the post FSAP era at
International and Comparative Law Quarterly / Volume 55 / Issue 04 / October 2006, pp 982 – 992
Class 3
Regulatory Rationale and supervisory structure in Europe, UK and international (part 2)
The regulation of securities (part 1)
Iris H-Y Chiu, Transparency Regulation in Financial Markets – Moving into the Surveillance Age, 2
European. Journal of.Risk Regulation. 305 (2011)
Emilios Avgouleas, The global financial crisis and the disclosure paradigm in European Financial
regulation: the case for reform, at European Company and Financial Law Review, vol 6, no 4, 2009
Niamh Moloney, The investor model underlying the EU’s investor protection regime: consumers or
investors?at E.B.O.R. 2012, 13(2), 169-193
Veerle Colaert, Investor Protection in the Capital Markets Union. Ch 16 of Capital Markets Union in
Europe, by Busch et all, OUP, 2018, DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198813392.003 .0016
Dorothee Fischer-Appelt (2012) The revised EU Prospectus Regulation: key changes to the
contents of prospectuses, in Law and Financial Markets Review, 6:4, 249-257, DOI: 10.5235/
Bas de Jong, Tomas Arons, Modernizing the Prospectus Directive, CH 11 of Capital Markets Union
in Europe, by Busch et all, OUP, 2018
Barnabas Reynolds and Thomas Donegan, Brexit – opportunity for a reboot of financial regulation,
At Journal of International Banking Law and Regulation, 2016
Pellegrini, Critical analysis of the Prospectus directive, at EBLR, 2006
Niamh Moloney, Building a Retail Investment Culture through Law: The 2004 Markets in Financial
Instruments Directive, at European Business Organization Law Review 6 (2005): 341-421
Loughran, T. & McDonald, Regulation and financial disclosure: The impact of plain English, B. J
Regul Econ (2014) 45: 94. 49-013-9236-5
Dmitri Boreiko · Guido Ferrarini· Paolo Giudici, Blockchain Startups and Prospectus Regulation,
European Business Organization Law Review (2019) 20:665–694
04-019-00168-6DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198813392.003 .0011
Lucy Frew The EU prospectus reforms: impact on alternative finance. At E.F.P.L. & P. 2016, 10(7),
[ E-Finance & Payments Law & Policy ]
Class 4
The regulation of securities (part 2)
Hannah Meakin, Imogen Garner, Charlotte Henry, Gavin Punia, Wright, Iona, Matthew Gregory,
Albert Weatherill, Anna Carrier, John Davison and Simon Lovegrove, MIFID II, at C.O.B.
(Compliance Officer Bulletin), 2017 (available via WESTLAW)
Danny Busch, Self-placement, dealing on own account and the
provision of investment services under MiFID I & II, Capital Markets Law Journal, Vol. 14, No. 1,
Busch, D. (2017), MiFID II and MiFIR: stricter rules for the EU financial markets, Law and Financial
Markets Review, Vol. 11 Nos 2/3, pp. 126-142
Iris H -Y Chiu, Alan H Brener, Articulating the gaps in financial consumer protection and policy
choices for the financial conduct authority—moving beyond the question of imposing a duty of
care, Capital Markets Law Journal, Volume 14, Issue 2, April 2019, Pages 217–250,
Victoria Stace, Mis-selling financial products: when can the customer claim in negligence?, at
Journal of Business Law, 2016
Class 5
The regulation of securities (part 3)
Compulsory readings
Danny Busch,The private law effect of the EU market abuse regulation, 2019, Capital Markets Law
Journal, Vol. 14, No. 3
Lau Hansen, Jesper. ‘Insider Dealing Defined: The EU Court’s Decision in Spector Photo Group’.
European Company Law 7, no. 3 (2010): 98–105
Khurram Shahzad and Gerard Mertens, The European Market Abuse Directive: Has it Worked? At
Journal of International Financial Management & Accounting 28:1 2017 [NB: this is an economic
Michael G. Faure, Claire Leger, The Directive on Criminal Sanctions for Market Abuse: A Move
Towards Harmonizing Inside Trading Criminal Law at the EU Level, Brooklyn Journal of Corporate,
Financial & Commercial Law Volume 9 | Issue 2, 2015
Öberg, J. (2014) Is it ‘essential’ to imprison insider dealers to enforce insider dealing laws?.
Journal of Corporate Law Studies, 14(1): 111-138 4.1.111
Elizabeth Szockyj and Gilbert Geis,’ Insider trading: Patterns and analysis’ (2002) 30 Journal of
Criminal Justice 273 (you can access this via science direct) [NB: this is an economic paper.
Seggested readings
Andrea Perrone
EU Market Abuse Regulation: The Puzzle of Enforcement, 2020, at
European Business Organization Law Review 04-019-00171-x
Paul Rose, Certifying the ‘Climate’ in climate bonds, Capital Markets Law Journal, Volume 14,
Issue 1, January 2019, Pages 59–77,
Lev Bromberg, George Gilligan and Ian Ramsay Financial market manipulation and insider trading:
an international study of enforcement approaches.
J.B.L. 2017, 8, 652-679
[ Journal of Business Law ]
Myklebust, Trude. ‘Fairness and Integrity in High- Frequency Markets – A Critical Assessment of
the European Regulatory Approach’. European Business Law Review 31, no. 1 (2020): 33-76.

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Topic: Computer Crime


Assignment Instructions
In order to complete Assignment #6 you will need to answer the below questions. Please complete the questions in a Word document and then upload the assignment for grading. When assigning a name to your document please use the following format (last name_Assignment #6). Use examples from the readings, lecture notes and outside research to support your answers. The assignment must be a minimum of 1-full page in length with a minimum of 2 outside sources. Please be sure to follow APA guidelines for citing and referencing sources.

1. Identify and explain the factors that have limited local law enforcement efforts against digital crime.

2. Explain and describe the best practices for collection, preservation, transportation, and storage of electronic evidence.

3. What is the importance of chain of custody as it relates to computer crime?

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Topic Read the Case Law – Werth vs. Taylor

Read the Case Law – Werth vs. Taylor

Subject Nursing
Number of pages 1
Spacing Double
Number of slides 0
Number of Questions 0
Number of Problems 0
Academic Level Undergraduate
Type of Work Writing from scratch
Type of Paper Coursework
Sources needed 1
Abstract Page No
Paper Format APA

Read the Case Law and answer the questions.


Read the Case Law – Werth vs. Taylor
Then, answer the questions below.
Did this case turn out the way you thought it would? Why or why not?
How could Cindy have assured herself that she would not receive any blood no matter what happened?
Would it have made any difference in the outcome of the case if the anesthesiologist had interviewed Cindy before the procedure and told her that her life could be in danger if she refused blood during both procedures?
What kind of consent is it when there is an emergency situation and the physician/healthcare worker needs to act or the patient may lose their life?
Your paper should be:
One (1) page
Typed according to APA style for margins, formatting and spacing standards

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Topic: criminal justice essay


You will examine the hypothesis that U.S. security would be more effective if efforts were focused more on the economic, social, political, and religious causes of terrorism than expending heavily in military, security, and law enforcement measures.

In the United States, organizations that charter to safeguard civil rights and constitutional structures are among the critics of the hard approach to security. Even at the international level, where there is no general agreement on the definition of terrorism, there appears to be an effort to endorse soft measures to counter terrorism as a more effective, long-term approach that does not infringe on basic civil liberties.

In this context, examine the balance between security and individual rights established by the Constitution. You are expected to use previous course work and research from current publications to analyze and discuss whether this approach is a feasible and viable alternative to current security strategies. Include answers to the following questions:

How would you characterize the U.S. approach and measures to counter terrorism and secure the homeland? How does it compare to the approach advocated by critics of security and military measures?
Is there an optimal balance between security and individual liberties? Are there options to minimize the encroachment of civil liberties while enhancing security?
Is there a way to develop an adaptive approach to security that includes an all-of-the-above strategy and optimizes security measures in the homeland and abroad?

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Academic level-Master’s
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