Comparison Contrast Essay Outline (Point by Point Method)
I. Introduction (Include some background information like the suggested points below)
• This essay will compare two news articles on the false missile alarm mishap that occurred in Hawaii.
• The first article, “Hawaii Says Fix in Place After Alarming Error,” by Amy B. Wang ran on January 15, 2018. The second article, dated January 14, 2018, is titled “Missile Alert Sparks Terror; For Nearly 40 Minutes, Vulnerable Hawaii Thought the End Was Near” by Sonali Kohli, Michael A.W. Ottey, and Heidi Chang.
• In Wang’s article, the writer reports the events leading up to and surrounding the false alarm based on a factual account of what occurred. In the article written by Kohli, Ottey and Chang, the writers give the reader an idea of what residents experienced during the false missile alarm from their personal perspective of what occurred.
• Although the two articles share some similarities, the differences between “Hawaii Says Fix in Place” and “Missile Alert Sparks Terror” are clear.
• II. Body Paragraph 1 – In comparison, “Hawaii Says Fix in Place” and “Missile Alert Sparks Terror”, both detail the events leading up to the error and ways to stop it from happening again.
• Article 1 – How the error occurred?
o Hawaii Says Fix in Place,” Wang provides the reader with a brief overview of the job responsibility of the HEMA (Hawaii Emergency Management Agency) employee.
o Wang states, “Among his duties that day was to initiate an internal test of the emergency missile warning system: essentially, to practice sending an emergency alert to the public without actually sending it to the public.”
o The author later elaborates that the employee made the mistake of selecting the wrong choice on the computer which led to an actual missile alert.
o In “Missile Alert Sparks Terror,” the authors stated, “According to the Hawaii Emergency Management Agency, the false alarm happened when an employee, whom it would not identify, hit the wrong button during routine test.”
• Article 2 – Solutions for preventing the error from reoccurring
o In “Hawaii Says Fix in Place,” the writer states that a “two-person” activation/verification rule for test and actual missile launch notifications.
o “Missile Alert Sparks Terror,” stated, “Two employees will be required to send out alerts: one to alert and another to verify and send it.”
III. Body Paragraph 2 – In contrast, the articles supplied different perspectives of the incident, as well as distinctive styles of writing.
• Article 1 – Perspective of Incident
o In Wang’s article, she focuses on the error and the role that HEMA played.
o “Missile Alert Sparks Terror,” the authors focus on the residents’ response.
• Article 2 – Details of technical jargon
o Wang elaborates on FEMA’s warning systems and includes that their effort is a collaborative one with the FCC and wireless industry.
o Although mentioned, Kohli, Ottey and Chang do not discuss FEMA’s role in detail but stated that approval was needed to send out a false alarm notification.
IV. Conclusion (Include the points below)
• In conclusion, the articles “Hawaii Says Fix in Place After Alarming Error” and “Missile Alert Sparks Terror” both discuss the mishap that happened in Hawaii; however, Wang focuses solely on the error itself, whereas Kohli, Ottey, and Chang give the audience a firsthand account of what it was like for some people to live in that moment. In both articles it was clear that HEMA is working on a solution to prevent this from happening again.
Sonali Kohli, Michael A.W. Ottey and Heidi Chang. “Missle Alert Sparks Terror; For Nearly 40 Minutes, Vulnerable Hawaii Thought the End Was Near.” Los Angeles Times 14 January 2018.
Wang, Amy B. “Hawaii Says Fix in Place After Alarming Error.” Chicago Tribune 15 January 2018: 9.