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Explain the Constitutional issues the incarceration of the Japanese created? How were these issues solved? Was this resolution fair in your opinion?  Support your case.

Explain the Constitutional issues the incarceration of the Japanese created? How were these issues solved? Was this resolution fair in your opinion?  Support your case.

After the bombing of the Pearl Harbor the president by the Franklin Roosevelt ordered confinement of civilians in relocation camps which later turned into internment camps. First, their religious freedoms were violated. While in the camps Christianity was officially introduced by the camp administrators. They were prohibited from practicing the Shinto religion. In addition Buddhism was also restricted by banning written materials in Japanese language as well as replacing Buddhist clergy. On the same point, freedom of press and speech was denied. They were not allowed to use Japanese language in public meetings and all the camp newspapers were highly censored (Densho 4-6). In addition they were not allowed to assemble and incase they were to hold any public gathering English was the primary language to be used. Freedom to petition for redress was also violated and if any Japanese attempted airing their grievances they were tagged as trouble maker and they were immediately sent to isolation camps.

Freedom of movement was also violated. Initially a curfew was imposed that required every Japanese to be in house by 8.00 p.m. in addition they were they were to were prohibited from traveling long distances they were to maintain short distances within their homes and they were also prohibited from carrying any money out ,of the bank. Japanese American homes were often searched by FBI without search warrants (Japanese American Experience, Curriculum and Resource Guide 1). If they by any chance came across any item suspected as being Japanese it was confiscated. When the Japanese Americans were picked by FBI they were denied their right to speedy trial, and even any legal representation. They were not in a position to call upon any witness. When they were detained they were neither informed of the criminal charges or the crime against them (Sharp 1).

The Japanese American was subjected to cruel and unfair punishment in detention camps. According to Japanese American Experience, Curriculum and Resource Guide (1) in the assembly centers the Japanese American were detained and subjected to unusual punishment. They lacked basic requirements like food, clean water and hospitals in the camps were understaffed leading to poor medical care.

A lawsuit was filled questioning the legality and rationale behind the executive order 9066. The lawyers argued that those who were detained in the internment camps were neither convicted of treason or espionage. Also the court found that all the curfews that were imposed during that time were unconstitutional. Also the court ruled out that those who were released out of the internment camps were not to be prevented from going back into the military area 1 which was located on West Coast. Fred Korematsu who had earlier defied the military orders to go into the camps was released (IJCL 8). Redress and repatriation were also seen as efforts of the American government to bring healing and compensate the Japanese American who were wrongly detained in incarceration camps. An apology was written to the people and there was monetary compensation

According to my opinion the resolution was fair because according to the law no individual is supposed to be deprived of their right to liberty, democracy, or property without undergoing due process of the law and fair treatment and judgment should be accorded in the rightful and speedy manner. However, monetary compensation never covered those lives lost and the suffering they had undergone while in the camps.


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