Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is the largest Arab state in Western Asia by land area of approximately 2,150,000 km. constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula. The kingdom is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain and United Arab Emirates to the east. This article will therefore overlook on the Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia.
The capital city is called Riyadh and Islam is the official religion and Arabic as their official language. The kingdom uses Saudi riyal as their currency and has an approximate population of 29,994,272 people as at 2013 with a GDP of approximately $ 1.652 trillion as per 2014. The current ruler is king Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz, the crown prince is Salman bin Abdulaziz.
The kingdom was founded in 1932 by Saud by uniting four regions namely Hejaz, Najd, Hasa, and Asir into a single state. The country is an absolute monarchy governed along Islamic lines, namely under the influence of Wahhabism and is also referred to as the “ land of the Two Holy Mosques” in reference to Al-masjid al-Haram in Mecca and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina, the two holiest places in Islam.
Saudi Arabia is a high income economy as it is the world’s dominant oil producer and exporter and also controls world’s second largest hydrocarbon reserves thus being the only Arab country to take part of the G-20 major economies and is an active member of Gulf cooperation Council, Organization of Islamic Cooperation.
However the kingdom’s regime is said to be authoritarian and is ranked as “not free” by the Freedom house. According to the basic law of Saudi Arabia, the king must comply with the sharia law and the Quran while Quran and Sunnah (traditions of Muhammad) are declared to be the countries constitute