Associated study topics: Study Topic 1 – Introduction to sport and exercise psychology; Study Topic 2 – Psychological issues affecting performance in sport and exercise
Word limit: 1500 words
This assignment is in three parts. In Parts 1 and 2, you are required to watch a video clip entitled ‘Olympic dreams: Venus talks about competing’. This acts as a context to which to apply some of what you have learned in Study Topics 1 and 2. A Word document transcript of the film can be found in the ‘Downloads’ area of the module website. In Part 3, you are required to analyse your own experience in connection with Study Topic 2.
The assignment should be no longer than 1500 words in length (excluding the reference list). To help you to keep to this word limit, we have given you a suggested word count for each component.
At the end of this word document there is guidance please follow.
In another attached document i have provided the transcript of the video, please use for reference.
For Part 3 of this assignment it is about analysis of my own experience I will give you a brief situation to use regarding this and if you can be creative and just make a few things up to go along with it.
When i was in secondary school, i was in a girls swimming club. Every PE lesson they would prepare us for an event that will take place with another two schools. It was a swimming competition. it made me feel stress and anxiety because I really wanted to win but it also gave me positive feelings and it felt rewarding to be involved in a sports activity.
Multiple choice (6 marks)
In the clip ‘Olympic dreams: Venus talks about competing’, Venus Romaeo, a young gymnast from Wales, describes some of her feelings before, during and after a competition. She mentions her ‘hands shaking’ and ‘feeling sick’, and the commentary suggests her ‘fear’ of the beam apparatus. These reactions are all related to anxiety, stress and arousal.
For each of the terms a, b and c below, choose one from the five following sentences (numbered 1–5) about Venus, which best describes each term:
• a. Anxiety
• b. Stress
• c. Arousal
1. Venus’s ability to focus mental effort on what is most important at any given moment.
2. The intensity of effort that Venus directs at a specific activity.
3. A negative state that Venus sometimes experiences, characterised by nervousness and associated with changing levels of physical and psychological activation.
4. An imbalance between the demands placed on Venus and her perceived ability to cope with those demands.
5. The blend of physiological and psychological activation that Venus experiences, which can range from deep sleep to extreme excitement.
Interpreting data and the scientific method (500 words/24 marks)
Below, a fictitious scenario is described in which a student researcher has gained the consent of Venus and her mother to take part in an investigation. The researcher is hoping that heart rate will be a useful marker of Venus’s levels of arousal and anxiety. In this hypothetical situation, Venus’s heart rate is monitored during two competitions under three conditions (resting, pre-beam and pre-bars) to see how it responds.
The researcher is interested in how Venus’s heart rate responds to different levels of competition and therefore decides to monitor her heart rate during a low-level competition (e.g. a club competition) and during a high-level competition (e.g. national championships).
Venus’s resting heart rate is measured with a heart rate monitor on the morning of each competition, before she gets out of bed. Her heart rate is also recorded using a heart rate monitor immediately before her performance on the beam (pre-beam) and immediately before her performance on the asymmetrical bars (pre-bars). Her warm-ups for both competitions and both events are similar.
The researcher wants to compare Venus’s heart rates on the beam and on the bars, as in the DVD clip she experiences more difficulties performing on the beam than she does on the bars.
The results gathered by the researcher are presented below.
Table 1: Venus’s heart rate (beats per minute, bpm)
Resting heart rate Pre-beam heart rate Pre-bars heart rate
Low-level competition 62 123 92
High-level competition 76 136 107
• a.Interpret Venus’s heart rate data based on your knowledge of arousal and anxiety from Study Topic 2. For this part of the question, you need not take into account any concerns over the validity of the data. (250 words/12 marks)
• b.Using your knowledge of the scientific method discussed in Study Topic 1, and your knowledge of anxiety and arousal gained from Study Topic 2, identify two limitations of this heart rate research and make recommendations for how each of these limitations could be addressed in order to improve the research. (250 words/12 marks)
Analysis of your own experience (1000 words/70 marks)
Identify a situation when you experienced stress, arousal or anxiety in a sporting or other activity setting. Write an analysis of your experience using perspectives from Study Topic 2.
The account should be divided into two sections:
Section A: A description of the experience using ideas from Unit 3 (300 words/10 marks)
• A description of the experience itself explaining what happened and any symptoms and sources of stress, anxiety and/or arousal (cognitive, somatic and behavioural), using ideas from Unit 3.
Section B: An analysis of the experience using ideas from Units 4 and 5 (700 words/60 marks)
• An analysis of how your individual experience links to the ideas covered in Units 4 and 5, including the thoughts and feelings that you had during the experience and how you coped with the aspects of stress, anxiety and/or arousal that you identified in Section A.
You simply need to record a number next to each term (a, b and c). Do not write your answer as sentences. So, your TMA answer should be headed ‘Part 1’ and underneath the heading you should write the letters a, b and c with the number of the sentence (chosen from sentences 1–5) you think best matches each term (e.g. a.1, b.2, c.3).
You should select only one number/sentence for each of the three terms (a, b and c). If you give more than one number for a term, only the first number will be used as your answer.
• a.You should use the few words that you have here to interpret the data from each competition in relation to possible levels of arousal/anxiety, and draw comparisons between the two competitions. There are no precise right or wrong answers to this question – the data can be interpreted in a variety of ways. Therefore, it is very important to justify and explain the interpretations that you make. You may find it useful to revisit Activities 3.1, 3.2, 3.5 and 3.6 in Unit 3 to answer this question.
• b.Your response to this question should involve you looking critically at the method used to measure arousal/anxiety, addressing its limitations, which, for example, may include the appropriateness of using heart rate measurement in studying anxiety and arousal. Your notes from Section 2.4 in Unit 2 and your responses to Activities 2.3 and 3.5 in Units 2 and 3, respectively, will be helpful in developing recommendations.
Section A: Description of the experience
By identifying a recent situation for Section A, it will be easier to recall and explain the details, including the thoughts and feelings you had. You could choose from situations such as:
• an important sporting competition
• a recreational event (e.g. a half marathon for charity)
• a fitness-related experience (e.g. starting at a new gym or a new class)
• a life experience (e.g. a parachute jump, watching your favourite sports team).
Your description will probably not include all the symptoms and sources discussed in Unit 3 but your responses to Activities 3.2, 3.4, 3.5 and 3.6 will be helpful in targeting the main items to include.
Section B: Analysis of the experience
In Units 4 and 5, you learned about a range of theories that attempt to explain the mechanisms behind arousal, anxiety and stress. In Section B of your answer, you should aim to apply some of these theories to your own experience, showing how they explain your thoughts, feelings and behaviours.
In Unit 4 Activity 4.4, you evaluated a range of theoretical frameworks, and you might wish to use your answers to this activity to help you to select a framework for analysing your own experience.
In Unit 4, your answers to Activities 4.3, 4.4, 4.5 and 4.6 will be helpful in interpreting how arousal levels may have influenced you. In Unit 5, Activities 5.5 and 5.6 explore self-efficacy theory, which is one of the theories that you might choose to help to explain your own experiences. In addition, your answers to Activity 5.3 will be helpful in interpreting how your level of self-confidence may have influenced the experience.
The extent to which you coped with the experience will be specific to you as an individual; however, in coping with the situation you may have used some of the strategies discussed in Section 4.6 of Unit 4.
Note that you are expected to discuss both Unit 4 (arousal/anxiety) and Unit 5 (self-confidence/efficacy) in your answer.