Making Abstract This is topic: Could the lack of access be an obstacle nationwide for not receiving the much deserved mental health care due to society’s perception of the actuality of mental health illnesses cultural differences? 1- An abstract is a single-spaced, one-paragraph summary of a research project that details a research question and your proposed methods of approaching it, in terms of sources used, theoretical approach, etc. Abstracts generally precede papers in research journals and appear in programs of scholarly conferences. In journals, the abstract allows readers to quickly grasp the purpose and major ideas of a paper and lets other researchers know whether reading the entire paper will be worthwhile. An abstract should include: – The purpose and research problem that motivates the project. – The methods used to address this research problem—i.e. documents or evidence analyzed, theoretical framework, and the scope therein. – The conclusions reached, or, if the research is in progress, what the preliminary results of the investigation seem to suggest. – The significance of the research project. Why are the results useful? What is new to our understanding as the result of your inquiry? I realize you most likely do not definitively know what your fully developed claim will look like—that’s alright, as one of the central purposes of this assignment is to help narrow down your claim by forcing you to articulate it concisely and precisely. Please see the below example of a research abstract as a visual and guide for the writing assignment. Audience: An abstract allows readers to make decisions about your project. Your audience may include a potential kindred scholar who wants to know if your paper is of interest prior to reading it, or a sponsoring professor who wishes to see if your research is proceeding smoothly. In a conference, the audience (faculty, administrators, peers, and presenters’ families) uses your abstract to decide whether or not to attend your presentation. I will also be using this abstract as a means of checking the development of your research project, so you may consider me one of its primary audiences. – This is as Research Abstract Example: In this paper I will argue against optimistically feminist interpretations of William Faulkner’s novel As I Lay Dying. I will focus on how Addie and Dewey Dell both conform and resist gender norms, while questioning if Faulkner’s depiction of female characters works to assess gender roles and comment on social constructs. From there I will also consider what can be assumed about deviation from the “norm” and the concept of rebellion in general. I will mainly look at the conflicting ideas about rebellion against patriarchy that can be assumed from the language of the novel versus from the plot of the novel. To support my argument I will analyze two sources; “Feminine Rebellion and Mimicry in Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying” by Amy Louise Wood, which argues that Addie displays female strength by redefining gender roles to fit her purposes and “‘This was the answer to it’: Sexuality and Maternity in Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying” by Jill Bergman, which argues that despite the powerful language and rebellious ideas of the female characters in the novel, the power in these ideas is ultimately “undermined” by the plot ending. Examining the opposing opinions of these critics will show that though the both Addie and Dewey Dell rebel against societal expectations, they ultimately do not triumph over these expectations, speaking both to the limitations imposed by history as well as the complex tension between form and content in Faulkner’s writing.