We were given instructions:
This is an introduction module to research, in preparation to thesis next year. This research paper is like mini thesis with no primary research involved at this stage.
(as this is the first time I am encountering research paper I am struggling with writing it)
Abstract (200 words approx.)
List of Contents
Introduction -map; outline; reason for choices? (700 word approx.)
Reiterate the research paper title and why you have chosen it.
My own note on this: In working with my clients who were traumatised either by a childhood event or later in life, I experience different challenges amongst others, trying to reach a client on a specific deep level when they are not able verbally express their trauma. Art interventions were useful and mostly successful. I am interested in learning more about the use and efficacy of Art Therapy and Art Interventions in psychotherapy, especially working with traumatised adult clients. Whatever their ‘monster in the dark’ may be, integration of even some of the techniques may allow clients to deal with it more effectively. There is a plethora of research and studies and my interest in finding out if there are specific criteria that some clients more effectively respond to the Art Interventions.
Give an outline of the essay and the content of each chapter.
How will this content support your proposition?
Main Body -3 chapters , title each – each 1100-1200 words approx.
Focus ch1 : Establish the argument
Set the scene, lay the foundation–introduce the characters of the argument–where will you begin and why?
Engage the reader with interesting and thought-provoking material.
Be specific about what you are arguing.
Make sure this essay is a research paper, not an ‘ordinary’ essay.
Explain how the content here supports and develops the proposition.
Focus ch2 : Develop the argument and link to previous chapter
Develop the argument further.
Provide more ‘evidence’ that the proposition is valid.
References should be relevant, contemporary and substantiate the proposition.
Ensure that you are clear, continually linking the content with how it supports the proposition
Focus ch3 : Build on and develop further; link to previous; conclude
Continue to add ‘meat to the bones’ of the argument.
Further references to research, theory, reports, studies and link how these further support your case here.
Make suggestions/recommendations as to what else could be done i.e. what now?
Conclusion (700 word approx.)
Summarise the preceding material of the essay.
Explain how you proved, within reason, that your proposition is valid.
Reiterate your recommendations from Chapter3.
Is there a suitable quote on which to finish the essay?
Make sure you have an introduction that says what you are doing (include a hypothesis), that the work does what it says, and that at the end you remind us that you did what you said you would!
Appendices -if applicable
Glossary -if necessary
References as cited (APA style)-not a Bibliography
Your work must be supported by references.
Beware of over-reliance on ‘cited in’ –if possible it is better to find the original material.
Try to aim for as many original papers as possible.
At this level, stating opinions as facts, unless these are supported with appropriate and relevant references, will lower your grade.
All references listed in alphabetical order in reference list.
References should be from mainly academic sources: journals, books, articles.
Move away from using webpages.
No use of class notes as a reference.
If you reference an author who has been referenced in the book/article that you are reading as a primary source, then you are plagiarising that work.
You must cite the primary reference in the reference list.
For example, you are reading William Crain’s book from 2012 on Life span Development and you see the following passage…
Mahler (1975) said the attainment of object consistency has two prerequisites.
If you want to use this information, you must acknowledge that you have
taken it from Crain and that you did not read Mahler directly:
According to Mahler (1975), ‘the attainment of object consistency has two prerequisites’(Crain, 2012,p.311).
Mahler (1975, as cited in Crain, 2012, p.311) suggests that‘ the attainment of object consistency has two prerequisites.’
Refer to APA Style 6thedition.
Pick something you love or enjoy, don’t pick something that will be difficult to finish.
A central question or hypothesis will help you focus your research and writing.
It’s not like the usual essay, you need to have a hypothesis/ position/ angle/ question to explore.
Refer to your hypothesis as you write.
Don’t be afraid to go back and change elements as you go, the process is not in a straight line.