Organizational Development Literature
Effective Research Statements For Literature Reviews
Writing an effective literature reviews require and effective research statement, which is not a
simple matter. This section is to provide some guidance writing a developing research
When developing your research statement you should be asking yourself theses questions.
My proposed literature review and concept paper is about this. (1) Here is why this
topic/practice/theory is important to organizational performance. (2) Here is what I already know
about this topic/practice/theory. (3) This knowledge leaves THIS IMPORTANT THING that
needs to be found out. (4) Here is what I will do to find that out. (5) It will produce these results.
(6) This is the value of doing the work.
The research statement should convey to the reader what the proposed literature review is about.
It does not have to capture every element, nuance, and expected task of the research, that is what
you’re your literature review is for.
Develop your research statement document to support the development of your literature review
complete the following. The research statement can be submitted and an appendix to your
literature review submission.
Background Section: This is where you answer questions (1) and (2) above. It should set the
context and relate the particular issues and objectives.
Hint: When writing the background section, keep thinking “Why should my CEO care about
Objective Section: Describe in clear and concise terms what the expected product of this
research will be. The objective should be of value ad, concise, and accurate. This is question (3)
and (4) from above.
Potential Benefits Section: This is where you need to justify why you are doing this topic for
your concept project. You need to be specific and provide as much detail as you can on the
potential benefits of your project. Use your course knowledge to-date as well as some initial
pre-reading on the subject area. So questions (5) and (6) above.
Literature Reviews: The Basics
This handout will explain what a literature review is and offer insights into the form and
construction of a literature review.
The “literature” of a literature review refers to any collection of materials on a topic. For our
purpose in it the collection of work that I am asking you to use is peer reviewed publications
– scholarly and research based articles from journals, textbook or industry / professional
organization research reports.
And a review does not necessarily mean that your reader wants you to give your personal
opinion on whether or not you liked these sources.
What is a literature review, then?
§ A literature review is an account, presentation, classification and analysis of what has
been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers.
§ A literature review discusses published information in a particular subject area, and
sometimes information in a particular subject area within a certain time period.
§ A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but in our case it will
have an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis.
§ A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a reorganization, or a reshuffling, of that information. It might give a new
interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations. Or it might
trace the intellectual progression of the topic, including major debates.
Thus the literature review should be organized accordingly to your research statement.
Besides enlarging your knowledge about the topic, writing a literature review lets you gain and
demonstrate skills in two areas: information seeking: the ability to scan the literature efficiently,
using manual or computerized methods, to identify a set of useful articles and books critical
appraisal: the ability to apply principles of analysis to identify unbiased and valid studies.
But how is a literature review different from an academic research paper?
§ While the main focus of an academic research paper is to support your own argument,
the focus of a literature review is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and
ideas of others.
§ The academic research paper also covers a range of sources, but it is usually a select
number of sources, because the emphasis is on the argument. Likewise, a literature
review can also have an “argument,” but it is not as important as is covering a
number of sources.
§ In short, an academic research paper and a literature review contain some of the same
elements. In fact, many academic research papers will contain a literature review section.
But it is the aspect of the study (the argument or the sources) that is emphasized that
determines what type of document it is.
Why do we write literature reviews?
Literature reviews provide you with a handy guide to a particular topic. If you have limited time
to conduct research, literature reviews can give you an overview or act as a stepping stone. For
professionals, they are useful reports that keep them up to date with what is current in the field.
Literature reviews also provide a solid background for a business white paper’s investigation.
Comprehensive knowledge of the literature of the field is essential to most research papers.
What should I do before writing the literature review?
Clarify and Plan –
§ Roughly how many sources should you include?
§ What types of sources (books, journal articles, websites)?
§ Should you summarize, synthesize, or critique your sources by discussing a common
theme or issue?
§ Should you evaluate your sources?
§ Should you provide subheadings and other background information, such as definitions
and/or a history?
§ Find models
Look for other literature reviews in your area of interest or in the discipline and read them to get
a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or ways to
organize your final review.
You can simply put the word “review” in your search engine along with your other topic terms to
find articles of this type on the Internet or in an electronic database.
The bibliography or reference section of sources you’ve already read are also excellent entry
points into your own research.
Narrow your topic
There are hundreds or even thousands of articles and books on most areas of study. The narrower
your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to get a
good survey of the material.
Consider whether your sources are current
Use information that is as current as possible. Try sorting through some other current
bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects.
You can also use this method to consider what is “hot” and what is not.
Strategies for writing the literature review
Find a focus – A literature review, like a term paper, is usually organized around ideas, not the
sources themselves as an annotated bibliography would be organized. This means that you will
not just simply list your sources and go into detail about each one of them, one at a time. No. As
you read widely but selectively in your topic area, consider instead what themes or issues
connect your sources together. Do they present one or different solutions? Is there an aspect of
the field that is missing? How well do they present the material and do they portray it according
to an appropriate theory? Do they reveal a trend in the field? A raging debate? Pick one of these
themes to focus the organization of your review.
Construct a working research statement
Then use the focus you’ve found to construct a research statement. Yes! Literature reviews have
research statements as well! However, your research statement will not necessarily argue for a
position or an opinion.
You’ve got a focus, and you’ve narrowed it down to a thesis statement. Now what is the most
effective way of presenting the information? What are the most important topics, subtopics, etc.,
that your review needs to include? And in what order should you present them? Develop an
organization for your review at both a global and local level:
First, cover the basic categories
Just like most academic papers, literature reviews also must contain at least three basic elements:
an introduction or background information section; the body of the review containing the
discussion; and, finally, a conclusion and/or recommendations section to end the paper.
Type of service: Academic Paper Writing
Type Of Assignment: Research Paper
Number of Sources: 20
Academic level: Senior(college 4th year)
Paper format: APA
Line Spacing: Single
Language Style: CA writer