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Topic: The President and Fog of War Scenario

HOMEWORK

Assignment Instructions

  • Read Chapter 13 and watch the video below on the Firebombing of Japan before you start work on this assignment.
  • Closely read the scenario, the pre-briefing questions, and the problem before starting your work.
  • You will be doing research on key members of the meeting and the various options open to the U.S.
  • Submit a 2-3 page pre-brief summary and your recommendation to the President and your rationale for that recommendation. 2-2.5 pages will be your pre-brief and .5-1 page will be your recommendation to the President and your rationale for that decision.

The President and Fog of War Scenario

Read the following scenario. The time is July of 1945.  You have been asked by the President of the United State Harry S. Truman to attend a meeting with the following people: (before you do anything else do some research to find out who they are)

  • General Leslie Groves,
  • General George Marshal,
  • Henry Stimpson,
  • General Curtis LeMay, and
  • Edward Stettinius, Jr.

The meeting is to discuss the final act of the Pacific War.

The Fog of War

Watch the Video below about the US bombing of Japan before starting the assignment:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gekdt0QwFQw

The Pre-Briefing

The questions below are for the pre-briefing you have to complete before your meeting with the President and his cabinet.  You will need to do some research to find the answers to these questions.

Answer the following questions in a 2-2.5 page written summary in preparation for your meeting:

  1. The man in the video is Robert S. Mac Namara: What was his role in the Fire Bombing of Japan?
  2. Recently, the Battle of Iwo Jima and Okinawa had been fought. What was the outcome of those battles?
  3. Fact Check:
    1.  How many Japanese Troops were involved in the Battle of Okinawa?  How many Japanese Troops Surrendered?
    2. How many Japanese Troops were involved in the Battle of Iwo Jima? How many Japanese Troops Surrendered?
    3. What is Operation Downfall?
    4. What is the Objective of this future Operation?
    5. How many US troop and allied troop are to be engaged in the entire operation?
    6. What are the projected losses on both sides, both military and civilian losses?
    7. What is the Manhattan Project, “Gadget?”

The Problem

President Truman and all the members of the meeting go over the information you’ve gathered. The generals and the secretaries lay out the options very clearly:

  1. Use the “Manhattan Gadget”
  2. Proceed with “Operation Downfall”

The other members walk out of the room and the President asks you to stay behind.  The President looks you straight in the eyes and says, “My goal is to end this war, what would you recommend? What should I do?

In .5 – 1 page give your answer to the President and explain your rationale based on the facts that you’ve collected.

What would you recommend?

Review your research and make your recommendation with a supporting argument to justify your position.

Length/Formatting Instructions

Length 2-3 Pages
Font 12 point, Calibri Font, 1″ Margins
Program/File Type Submit in Word
Attachments Should be pasted into the Word document if possible.
Referencing system APA referencing system is necessary in assignments, especially material copied from the Internet.

For examples of correct citations, visit the following links:

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

The Fog of War Grading Rubric

CATEGORY Exceeds Expectations Meets Expectations Does Not Meet Expectations Significantly Below Expectations
McNamara Background and Bio 10 points
Excellent Bio overview of McNamara.
8 points
Good Bio -Hit the highlights and good fact.
5 points
General facts on bio no real discussion
0 points
Very vague discussion and bio
Fact Check 2 and 3 a,b,c 10 points
Good facts and details about the event’s good stats
8 points
Some good facts and points and discussion
5 points
Very general points some facts but very general and esoteric
0 points
little or few facts very vague. No real discussion
Fact Check 4 and 5 10 points
Good facts and details about the event’s good stats
8 points
Some good facts and points and discussion
5 points
Very general points some facts but very general and esoteric
0 points
Vague no real discussion
Advice to President 10 points
Excellent and well thought out position mention of the above facts and goal of the President.
8 points
Good Hit the Hight points. Use some facts and gave reasons for decision
5 points
Very general points some facts but very general and esoteric
0 points
More or less a yes or no answer no real reasons mentioned.
Mechanics – Grammar, Punctuation, Spelling 5 points
Student makes no errors in grammar, punctuation, or spelling that distract the reader from the content.
4 points
Student makes 1-2 errors in grammar, punctuation, or spelling that distract the reader from the content.
2 points
Student makes 3-4 errors in grammar, punctuation, or spelling that distract the reader from the content.
0 points
Student makes more than 4 errors in grammar, punctuation, or spelling that distract the reader from the content.
Writing Style – Organization, Transitions, Tone 5 points
The assignment is written with excellent organization, thoughtful transitions, and the appropriate tone.
4 points
This writing assignment is adequately organized, but has some errors in the transitions or the tone.
2 points
This writing assignment is poorly organized, or it contains ineffective transitions and/or inappropriate tone.
0 points
This writing assignment displays little to no organization or transitions, and/or does not use the appropriate tone.
APA Format – Margins, Font, Spacing, Headings and Cover Page 5 points
The margins, font, spacing, headings, and cover page are all formatted properly.
4 points
There are 1-2 errors in the formatting of the margins, font, spacing, headings, or cover page.
2 points
There are 3-4 errors in the formatting of the margins, font, spacing, headings, or cover page.
0 points
There are more than 4 errors in the formatting of the margins, font, spacing, headings, or cover page.
APA Format – Citations and References 5 points
All sources used for quotes and facts are credible and cited, and the references and in-text citations are all properly formatted. Each reference has an in-text citation and in-text citation has a reference.
4 points
All sources used for quotes and facts are credible and cited, but slight errors are present in the format of the in-text citations or references. Or there may be one in-text citation or reference missing.
2 points
Some sources used for quotes and facts are either not credible or there are significant errors in the in-text citations and/or references. Or there are multiple missing in-text citations or references.
0 points
The sources used for quotes and facts are not credible and/or not cited. The in-text citations and/or references are not present.

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