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Transportation in England history


Transport in the U.K. is facilitated with road, air rail and water networks. A radial road network totals 29,145 miles (46,904 km) of main roads, 2173 miles (3497 km) of motorways and 213,750 miles (344,000 km) of paved roads.

The National Rail network of 10,072 route miles (16,116 km) in Great Britain and 189 route miles (303 route km) in Northern Ireland carries over 18,000 passenger and 1,000 freight trains daily. Urban rail networks exist in London, Manchester, Birmingham, Edinburg, Glasgow, Cardiff, Belfast, Leeds and Liverpool.

There are many regional and international airports, with Heathrow Airport in London being one of the busiest in the world. There is also a network of ports which receive millions of tones of goods each year.

In recent years, more people have turned to using cars as a mode of transport, while the use of buses has declined, and railway use has grown more slowly. Freight transport has increased over the years, increasing in volume and shifting from railways onto the road.

By 2002, the volume of freight moved had almost trebled to 254 billion tone kilometers of which 7.5% was moved by rail, 26% by water, 4% by pipeline and 62% by road. Despite this increase, the cost of trucks and Lorries in the U.K has reportedly decreased.

Although the decline in railway use led to a reduction in the length of the rail network, the length of the road network has not increased in proportion to the increase in road use.

This has made traffic congestion one of the most serious problems facing the U.K according to the Department for Transport (2008). Bottleneck roads are in serious danger of becoming so congested that it may damage the economy. (Eddington report, 2006).

There are 471 airports and airfields of which 334 are paved. There are 11 heliports. The largest airport is British Airways. 3 cities in the U.K have rapid transit systems, most well known is the London Underground, (commonly known as the Tube). In the 19th and 20th centuries, Tram systems were popular but with the rise of the car, they began to be widely dismantled.

Road transport includes, buses, coaches, cars e.t.c. Water transport includes, ferries, cruise ships.


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